Failed state? Try Pakistan’s M2 motorway

December 16, 2009

By Alistair Scrutton

For sheer spotlessness, efficiency and emptiness there is nothing like the M2 in the rest of South Asia. –File Photo

If you want a slice of peace and stability in a country with a reputation for violence and chaos, try Pakistan’s M2 motorway. At times foreign reporters need to a give a nation a rest from their instinctive cynicism. I feel like that with Pakistan each time I whizz along the M2 between Islamabad and Lahore, the only motorway I know that inspires me to write.

Now, if the M2 conjures images of bland, spotless tarmac interspersed with gas stations and fast food outlets, you would be right. But this is South Asia, land of potholes, reckless driving and the occasional invasion of livestock.

And this is Pakistan, for many a ‘failed state.’ Here, blandness can inspire almost heady optimism.

Built in the 1990s at a cost of around $1 billion, the 228-mile motorway — which continues to Peshawar as the M1 — is like a six-lane highway to paradise in a country that usually makes headlines for suicide bombers, army offensives and political mayhem.

Indeed, for sheer spotlessness, efficiency and emptiness there is nothing like the M2 in the rest of South Asia.

It puts paid to what’s on offer in Pakistan’s traditional foe and emerging economic giant India, where village culture stubbornly refuses to cede to even the most modern motorways, making them battlegrounds of rickshaws, lorries and cows.

There are many things in Pakistan that don’t get into the news. Daily life, for one. Pakistani hospitality to strangers, foreigners like myself included, is another. The M2 is another sign that all is not what it appears in Pakistan, that much lies hidden behind the bad news.

On a recent M2 trip, my driver whizzed along but kept his speedometer firmly placed on the speed limit. Here in this South Asian Alice’s Wonderland, the special highway police are considered incorruptible. The motorway is so empty one wonders if it really cuts through one of the region’s most populated regions.

‘130, OK, but 131 is a fine,’ said the driver, Noshad Khan.

‘The police have cameras,’ he added, almost proudly. His hand waved around in the car, clenched in the form of a gun.

On one of my first trips to Pakistan. I arrived at the border having just negotiated a one-lane country road in India with cows, rickshaws and donkey-driven carts.

I toted my luggage over to the Pakistan side, and within a short time my Pakistani taxi purred along the tarmac. The driver proudly showed off his English and played US rock on FM radio. The announcer even had an American accent. Pakistan, for a moment, receded, and my M2 trip began.

Built in the 1990s by then Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, it was part of his dream of a motorway that would unite Pakistan with Afghanistan and central Asia.

For supporters it shows the potential of Pakistan. Its detractors say it was a waste of money, a white elephant that was a grandiose plaything for Sharif.

But while his dreams for the motorway foundered along with many of Pakistan, somehow the Islamabad-Lahore stretch has survived assassinations, coups and bombs.

A relatively expensive toll means it is a motorway for the privileged. Poorer Pakistanis use the older trunk road nearby tracing an ancient route that once ran thousands of miles to eastern India. The road is shorter, busier and takes nearly an hour longer.

On my latest trip, I passed the lonely occasional worker in an orange suit sweeping the edge of the motorway in a seemingly Sisyphean task. A fence keeps out the donkeys and horse-driven carts.

Service centres are almost indistinguishable from any service station in the West, aside perhaps from the spotless mosques.

The real Pakistan can be seen from the car window, but in the distance. Colourful painted lorries still ply those roads. Dirt poor villagers toil in brick factories, farmers on donkey carts go about their business.

Of course, four hours of mundane travel is quite enough.

Arriving in Lahore, the road suddenly turns into South Asia once again. Dust seeps through the open car window, endless honks sound, beggars knock on car windows. The driver begins again his daily, dangerous battle for road supremacy.

As Pakistan unveils itself in all its vibrancy, it is exciting to be back. But you can’t help feel a tinge of regret at having experienced, briefly, a lost dream.

‘Motorway good — but Pakistan,’ Noshad said at the last petrol station before we entered Lahore.

‘Terrorism, Rawalpindi,’ he added, referring to the latest militant attack on a mosque in the garrison town which killed dozens. —Reuters

Tags: Motorway,M2 motorway,Pakistan motorway



  1. ****** Thanks To the PKKH Team ******************

    I need a break from talking about human execretion when it comes to India..:D 😀 :D..lol… This is coolness to my eyes to be finally able to see some real development and civilized society making a proper highway. Something which ofcourse the execretionists lack ! 😀 😀

    Hope they take a few lessons from this pic ! 😀 😀

    • Well dear this is true, that not much makes it to the media. There were many development projects going during both Nawaz & Musharraf times. But our ill media seemed too obsessed to cover only fire, chaos & filth. Normally in other countries we see them playing propaganda clips for even the smallest of achievements for years. But In Pakistan, sadly it is overlooked. Called a white Elephant and used for bashing of the politician. I hope some sanity will prevail in the coming time and I hope the NRO break will allow Pakistan to continue it’s journey to what it is destined for and will bring back it’s vibrant Identity!

      (Suggestion: PKKH is doing an awesome job in highlighting points about Pakistan internal & External affairs, should also bring forward the development that Pakistan has achieved (Military & Civilian) regardless of being a young 3rd World South Asian country having limited or resources!)

  2. Ah this picture alone makes me wanna go bak and experience the countless rides ive enjoyed going up n down the whole stretch of this road with my friends…all the way from Lahore to Isloo and back …


  3. I think Alistair Scrutton must have entered Lahore from the Yateem Khana Chowk.If he would enter Lahore from Thokar Niaz baig,he would never say “Arriving in Lahore, the road suddenly turns into South Asia once again”…….Next time plz enter from Thokar side.

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