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Power struggle threatens Pakistan’s leader

November 17, 2009

Robert Windrem

Senior Investigative Producer, NBC

Pakistan’s civilian and military leaders are tangling in a series of political confrontations that could lead to a constitutional crisis or worse after the New Year, officials in both Islamabad and Washington tell NBC News.

With the tenor and volume of debate rising over America’s commitment to Afghanistan, that struggle is complicating U.S. strategy to stabilize the Afghanistan-Pakistan border.

It’s not only that dozens are dying every week in suicide bombings or that there are concerns that the Pakistani military will not be able to hold the territory it has won in hard-fought battles in South Waziristan. The more profound issue, say Pakistani and U.S. officials, is the fate of President Asif Ali Zardari, who is engaged in a seemingly never-ending battles with the country’s powerful military and intelligence establishments.

In recent weeks, say officials, opponents of Zardari have begun raising the stakes, setting up what some are calling a “soft coup … a legislative coup” – an attempt to force Zardari out.

End to amnesty

On Nov. 2, legislators opposed to Zardari, along with the military and intelligence community, thwarted an attempt by his Pakistani People’s Party to hammer through an extension of the National Reconciliation Ordinance.

The innocuously named law, pushed through at the behest of the U.S. in 2007, froze criminal prosecutions against Zardari, his late wife, Benazir Bhutto, and their allies. Without the NRO, Bhutto would not have returned to run for president. Not long after she did return, she was assassinated, and her husband succeeded her as head of the PPP, winning the presidential election last year. Parliament has until Nov. 28 to renew the NRO. But on Nov. 2, other parties in the PPP-led coalition, along with the parliamentary opposition and the military, thwarted Zardari. Analysts in Pakistan and the U.S. say there is no chance the NRO will be renewed by the deadline, and in fact, Prime Minister Yusef Reza Gilani said this week it’s dead.

As a result, say Pakistani officials, several cases involving Zardari cronies — some of them high-ranking officials — are likely to move forward. One Pakistani official familiar with all the parties said that while he can’t see the president stepping down, he expects a constitutional crisis early in the year, as the prosecutors close in first on his aides, then him. “Nothing before (next year), but almost certainly by then,” said the official.

One potential issue is whether Zardari has presidential immunity for any crimes committed before he was elected. He may have it for his time in office, but it’s uncertain that he does for any crimes alleged before he assumed office.

Deep rift in power structure

U.S. officials are said to be alarmed by the development. It cannot have come as a surprise, however.

The top of the Pakistani power structure is riven by deep, personal and professional animosity between military and civilian leaders. As one senior Pakistani official reports, Zardari and Army Chief of Staff Ashfaq Parvez Kayani “hate each other” — and each is trying to ensure that other can’t threaten him, often against U.S. interests.

The stalemate over the NRO extension is just the latest move by the military. What Zardari will do to counter that is uncertain, but he is certainly trying to get help from his allies in the U.S. government.

The prospect of a military takeover — long an option in Pakistan — is overblown, say officials in both the government and the military. Kayani is indeed ambitious but he understands the consequences of a military takeover, particularly with regard to continued U.S. military aid, said one official.

“This government does not believe we are trying to be supportive,” said an officer in the Pakistani intelligence community. “There are no political ambitions in the army. The past relationship between the army and government … the previous experiences have been very bad … This government still does not believe that a transformation has occurred.”

“We want them to do their jobs, we want to do ours,” he concluded.

But does Kayani want to be a kingmaker? Under one scenario, he eschews a coup but instead maneuvers to have a “government of national unity,” populated with technocrats, replace Zardari.

Both fear Sharif

On the other side, Pakistani officials say Zardari understands the very real and dire consequences of firing Kayani. So there is a stalemate and no clear leadership. Both sides fear Zardari’s chief political rival, the charismatic but more religious Nawaz Sharif, and would band together to thwart any power play he might attempt. At least, that’s long been Zardari’s plan. (Sharif is banned from serving as head of government under a constitutional amendment pushed through by former President Pervez Musharraf. Zardari promised to remove the ban but hasn’t followed through.)

But the NRO stalemate, say officials in Pakistan and the United States, is just the latest in a string of crises. Only last month, there was the controversy over whether the U.S. had put onerous burdens on Pakistan in return for a $7.5 billion aid package.

With Congress unhappy about reports that previous counterterrorism aid had been diverted to conventional forces and fearing that some of the money might be funneled to Pakistan’s nuclear weapons development, the bill laid out restrictions and requirements on how the money was to be spent.

The military began a public relations campaign assailing the restrictions. The officer in the Pakistani intelligence community told NBC that clauses in the bill were believed to be “instrusive,” “derogatory” and a “legislative indictment – assumptions we’re not doing all we can against militants.”

So the military leaked the details of the U.S. objections. In a particularly telling choice of words, the intelligence officer said the leaks occurred because Kayani is, “in some ways, leading a political party. His public has to know why he does what he does.”

Not meant ‘to cause trouble’

The officer said it was not done “to cause trouble for government. It was to show rank and file (in the Pakistani military) that that army is taking a stand for what’s best for country, and to make clear these clauses we felt were detrimental to the long-term security of the country.”

Specifically, the officer as well as others in the Pakistani government friendly to the army said none of the three drafts of the U.S.-Pakistani agreement “were ever discussed with anyone in the Army or ISI” (Pakistan’s Inter-Service Intelligence directorate).

Zardari’s people deny that. One official said Kayani was briefed “in full and in person” on the details of the bill and is playing the “babe in the woods” claiming to be blindsided for reasons that are unclear. He said that under Musharraf, who is also a former army chief, the previous aid bills had similar language and “no one cared.” This time, it’s a bigger deal because of the rift and lack of trust between the two leaders.

If that was the case, however, why didn’t Zardari leak the communications showing the military was briefed? asked one military official. Indeed, the military feels confident it will emerge as the survivor in all this, with Zardari’s popularity now measured in the teens in almost every Pakistani public opinion poll.

How does this all play out in terms of relations with the U.S.? Often, the Americans are caught in the middle.

Amid the dispute over the Kerry-Lugar bill on the aid package and who got briefed and when, the U.S. and Pakistani governments had to issue a “joint explanatory statement” that was attached to the legislation. In essence, it tried to assuage the military’s fears while renewing the U.S. commitment to “help strengthen the institutions of democratic governance.”

Seen as a victory for the military, the four-page statement was interspersed with underlined sentences that emphasized a hands-off approach regarding Pakistani national security. The key one: “The legislation does not seek in any way to compromise Pakistan’s sovereignty, impinge on Pakistan’s security interests or micromanage any aspect of Pakistani military or civilian operations.”

While the bill has passed the U.S. Congress, it now must be accepted by Pakistan’s parliament — and that is not a done deal, in spite of Pakistan’s dire economic straits. The reason: an increasingly virulent anti-Americanism that now reaches every level of Pakistani society, including the military.

“Americans may think General Kayani is pro-American,” said one senior Pakistani official. “He is not.”

The anti-Americanism is manifested particularly in Pakistani fears of abandonment. Pakistanis have seen this before: The U.S. denied all aid to Pakistan in 1992 after U.S. intelligence determined the Pakistani military had assembled nuclear weapons during a crisis the year before, violating the Pressler Amendment on aid to Pakistan. The experience left Pakistani leaders bitter – and, according to U.S. officials, paranoid.

Two recent stories being passed around Islamabad are indicative of the sentiment. Both are associated with Secretary of State Hillary Clinton’s visit with Kayani on Oct. 29, one of several she was required to have, given Pakistan’s deeply divided government.

In one story, Kayani presented Clinton with “evidence” of a conspiracy involving the CIA, Israel’s Mossad and India’s intelligence agency, RAW. According to the story, the three agencies had been responsible for some of the terrorist attacks that have killed hundreds in Pakistani cities.

In the other, Kayani supposedly told Clinton that Pakistan was aware the U.S. has been talking to the Taliban through the good offices of Saudi King Abdullah and didn’t appreciate it. Indeed, Kayani did dispatch his ISI chief, Lt. Gen. Shuja Pasha, to Riyadh to meet the king.

The U.S. denies both stories.

There is also something else at work here. At their core, Pakistanis are angry, not just about the upheaval and violence that threatens civil society, or the inability of their government and their army to deal with it. They are angry because their rival, India, is now seen by the U.S. public as a land of opportunity, where even a “slumdog” can make his fortune, while their homeland is viewed as a basket case of political intrigue and intractable Islamic militancy.

Bottom line: The next few months are likely to produce even more grist for that belief, as winter closes in on the mountainous border regions of South Waziristan, bogging down the Pakistani military, amid increasing terrorist attacks and collapsing leadership.

“Until and unless Pakistan views security and stability as internal and not related to India or the United States, chaos and confusion will threaten it,” said a western security official. “Right now, the prognosis is not very good.”

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25 comments

  1. Everyone knows the establishment keeps changing faces while keeping the main players intact. We are not surprised by whats going on. We have seen it happening many times in 62 years.

    Be it military leadership or civilians , both are POWER HUNGRY selfish status who just want to beat the crap outa nation

    We are just revolving around and around in a circle
    http://publicmb.wordpress.com/2009/11/16/pakistan-games-for-future

    Establishment is not feeling comfortable with a crook so they have given a free hand to media so that GROUND is prepared for his removal.

    When this script is done, a new face will be introduced in gallery and this circus will go on and on.

    websites like PKKH are just one tool in cyber world to support establishment’s goals.

    I am not even sure if this comment will be allowed to appear , lolzz

    They hate my comments so much, since they cant answer me , lol


    • No one needs to Hate you, when you urselves are bent on hating urself…PKKH is here to provide a change which it is doing and its attracting people even like u – as your presence and interest is evident that you bothered to comment on this forum!

      So please dont play like u dont care and lets make this forum an interesting place !


      • “Change” is a very attractive word and there is no harm in it but what change?

        For PKKH to change others, its own direction should be right, i find it highly biased and a mouthpiece of typical establishment’s view, NOTHING more than that.

        All it does it drag political pants down and highlight their ills, it never goes to the root of it.

        When throwing mud on ZARDARI, it never bothers to go into the details of the Architects of NRO and the men behind, except some formal referencing (out of necessity ) and this attitude , I say, makes this website , ONE SIDED, with a pre-determined objective, and obviously “CHANGE” in this case becomes a “dubious” word for a reader like me who prefers rational approach unlike your typical young emotional readers who get excited by your HIGHLY CONCENTRATED SELF-GLORIFYING NATIONAL RHETORIC and they pay high tributes to you in their comments.


  2. Robert Windrem had me going along until the last part:

    “Until and unless Pakistan views security and stability as internal and not related to India or the United States, chaos and confusion will threaten it,” said a western security official.

    This is just pure stupidity. Pakistan do not exist in a vacum. There are clear documented dangers coming from it’s eastern and western borders.

    Everyone in Pakistan do now know that USA is either directly helping or atleast turning a blind eye to the Indian support of the TTP terrorists. American designs against the nuclear establishment of Pakistan is also now in the open.

    Let us be serious. No one in Washington DC really like Pakistan. Their attachment to Pakistan is purely based on Afghanistan and their interest in the nuclear assets.

    NRO, the biggest fraud in the history of Pakistan, was and is supported by the USA which makes them an obvious enemy of the people of Pakistan.

    American commandos operating freely on the streets of Islamabad with their weapons and threatening Pakistani citizens IN THEIR OWN COUNTRY is a fact that completely bypassed this writer and Clinton on her visit.

    The ONLY short term solution to Pakistan’s problems is to eliminate TTP by declaring 100% neutrality on Afghanistan (no supply lines!) so to force the Indians out.

    In the long run:

    A) Cut down our relations with US to a bare minimum.
    B) Change our political and judicial systems.


  3. PAK got 15 billion dollars (15 billion x 80 as dollar rate = 1200 billion RUPEEEEEESSSSS !!! ) in last 8 years on WOT .

    Where did ALL THIS MONEY go ???? why MEDIA does not ASK this QUESTION from the ones at TOP ?????


    • @ MB

      Are u from the national accountabililty bureau or the corruption office ?…DOnt u know …their is a joke about the traitors in the pakistani government. What goes to them STAYS with them 😀


      • define “them” above . . .

        Is them = our GENERALs? or Political governments or both ?


  4. A scorpion was standing on a stone in the middle of a flooded river. A frog was swimming by and the scorpion asked the frog to stop and to help him cross the river. The frog too afraid of the scorpion said “but will you not hurt me?” To that the scorpion said “Why would I hurt my own savior!”

    The frog stopped and thought for a minute on the clear logic and then decided to help the stranded scorpion by asking him to climb on his back.

    After a meter in the open water the frog turned around and saw the scorpion has bit him in the back. The frog asked “Why did you do that? Now you have killed us both!”

    Scorpion replied “It is in my nature”.

    —————————————————
    America is the scorpion who wants Pakistan’s help to make it survive in Afghanistan.


  5. [ “To be an enemy of America can be dangerous, but to be a friend is fatal”. Henry Kissinger ]

    and thats the bottom line, till our establishment and political puppets from W.DC are present we have no chance from escaping AMERICAN colonial SLAVERY.

    We need to get rid of internal masters and external ones, if we have to have any chance of survival


  6. It will be suicidal if a change takes place at the top.In the past, all the changes were to the worse.We must remember,Zardari is a symbol of Sindh.

    Zardari only needs to be disciplined and made to behave like a good boy.

    Talking of rationale,Pakistan became dependant on West starting ’57-’58 for defence equipments.This dependance still continues,but lately some efforts were made to get rid of this.A Talent Pool of 20,000 persons (of top notch scientists and engineers) was created,which has achieved a lot(improvising Harpoon missile is an example).This is here where the said $ 10 B were spent.

    Had this money been bungled,there would have been lot of hue and cry.


  7. kindly provide source/ref. to this 20k TOP NOTCH SCIENTISTs and ENGINEERs

    and . .
    10 Billion dollars just to “improvise” a missile
    What nonsense !!


    • My point is, Are these 20K people only working on defence toys , developing missiles, launchers and Nukes.. are all the other problems like electricity, infrastrucutre are solved in Our country ? Why this money is only invested in harpoon misslies why not in electricity or roads or more universities or health care.. ? are those misslies are effective in current suicide bombnings in our cities ? have these missiles stopped single suicide attack in Peshawar ?

      NO………..


  8. I wish I could provide the list.

    It was a quote-unquote reference to assertions made by Makhdoom Amin Fahim,present Commerce Minister recently.He also said that Dr.Samar Mubarakmand has been taken away from there to help expedite Thar Coal Project.

    Isn’t it interesting that opponents of Mush are acknowleding his work.

    No.Not only Hrpoons.Read ISI Chief Gen.Ahmed Shuja Pasha’s statement in the Parliament briefing,where he says that very adequate arrangemens have been made for the eastern borders.

    That is the reason why America is saying that India is not your enemy and the first statement AAZ made is that India is not our enemy.


  9. There is much talk of “bheek” given to Pakistan and where it ended but there is no assessment of what is taken away from Pakistan – who is going to assess that loss?

    i heard on some talk show that the loss of livestock in swat is more than the “bheek” which it may get through KLB.

    PEANUTS: Puny US Aid to Pakistan is too little too late. Marshall Plan, ROZ, FTA, Trade concessions missing

    http://rupeenews.com/2009/05/04/peanuts-puny-us-aid-to-pakistan-is-too-little-too-late-marshall-plan-needed/


  10. Pk neither need a marshall plan, nor aid from anyone. It has enough natural recources and wealth of its own. Furthermore it has enough researchers and scientists. What it needs is to first of all be independent, especially of the USA. Second of all it needs to effectively optimize and utilize itself with what it has available.

    A new system needs to be introduced, since a reform will not be satisfactory, nor sustainable in the long run.

    PK needs to dig up its natural resources, enhance and refine them (to maximize profits, which requires R&D), and export them. All the profit should go to the development of the public sector (R&D [=research and development] hospitals, roads, etc), and a certain portion to the defence.

    Defence policy also needs be revised, since the threat perception has been expanded. A reality check is needed.

    To PKKH-team, you are doing a terrific job. Keep it up and inshallah we will reach our goals.


  11. PAKISTAN KHAPAY – THAT’S WHAT DECEIVED PEOPLE didn’t it. The ever waitinng pakistanis for a change and a real leadership is the dilemmma. When the people elected these bandits they thought MAY BE MAY BE MAY BE – these corruption gurus i.e. ZARDARI, NAWAZ, ALTAF KALIA (KILLER OF INNOCENTS OF KARACHI) have changed themselves for pakistan and this time they will do whatever for their country. BUT IS THIS THEIR COUNTRY???? These bandits has shown its not as all of their assets, their looted money & wealth is overseas, they see the foreign doctors, meet in dubai or london and one of the rat is permanently stationed in London – what about this CHIEF THEIF HAQQANI THE DAKU SITTING IN US. Their country is not pakistan and hence they have no interest in solving its problems. All they have given the people of pakistan is Corruption!!!!!! loads of corruption, SUGAR, WATER, ELECTRICITY, POWER PLANTS, GAS, CNG MAFIAS, PLOTS IN ISLAMABAD AND much more coming may be ATTA & RICE CRISIS SOON which is not even exposed will be exposed when they leave the power. PEOPLE WANTED CHANGE NAWAZ DAKU – Mush came ppl thought he will change the system and punish these bandits but he proved to be bigger bandit and after having fun brought NRO and once again punished the public bringing these bandits back.

    SO TEAM OF BANDITS YOU THINK PEOPLE CARE ABOUT YOU-I ASSURE YOU THEY DON’T AND WON’T CARE BUT THEY WILL BE HAPPY TO GET RID OF YOU – FOR ANOTHER CHANGE?????


  12. Why would they buy cheap electricity from IRAN?? If they do that their huge commission from POWER PLANTS WILL LOST – NO THEY CAN’T DO THAT FORGO THEIR COMMISSION – NEVER

    پاکستان مہنگی بجلی پیدا کر رہا ہے ہم سے سستی لینے کو تیار نہیں: ایرانی سفیر
    ـ 1 گھنٹہ 42 منٹ پہلے شائع کی گئی
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  13. PPL OF PAKISTAN BE HAPPY TO RID THESE CORRUPT BANDITS

    جناب صدر! ……. حکومت اور جمہوریت کیخلاف سازشیں کون کررہا ہے؟
    ـ 4 گھنٹے 43 منٹ پہلے شائع کی گئی صدر مملکت اور حکمران پیپلز پارٹی کے شریک چیئرمین آصف علی زرداری نے کہا ہے کہ ہم قربانیوں کیلئے تیار ہیں‘ تاہم سیاسی طور پر کسی سے بلیک میل نہیں ہونگے۔ گزشتہ روز ایوان صدر اسلام آباد میں پیپلزپارٹی کے صوبائی و ضلعی سیکرٹریز اطلاعات کے اجلاس میں خطاب کرتے ہوئے انہوں نے کہا کہ جمہوریت کیخلاف سازشی عناصر کا غرور خاک میں ملا دیا جائیگا۔ انکے بقول پیپلزپارٹی کی حکومت کیخلاف ہر طرف سے سازشیں کی جا رہی ہیں مگر یہ ذوالفقار علی بھٹو اور شہید بے نظیر بھٹو کے نظریات کو نہیں دبا سکتیں‘ نہ پارٹی کیخلاف کوئی مہم پارٹی کو نقصان پہنچا سکتی ہے۔ انہوں نے کسی کا نام لئے بغیر کہا ہے کہ عوام دشمن قوتیں جمہوریت کیخلاف سازشیں کررہی ہیں‘ ہم نے پہلے بھی ایسی سازشوں کا مقابلہ کیا ہے اور مستقبل میں بھی بھرپور مقابلہ کرینگے۔ ذرائع کے مطابق صدر زرداری نے اپنی پارٹی کے وزراء اور عہدیداروں کو باور کرایا کہ اگر وہ اپنی حکومت کا دفاع نہیں کر سکتے تو مستعفی ہو جائیں‘ ورنہ وہ انہیں برطرف کر دینگے۔
    گزشتہ کچھ عرصہ سے بالخصوص صدر آصف علی زرداری کی ذات کے حوالے سے جو افواہیں گردش کررہی ہیں اور متعدد ’’مائنس‘‘ فارمولوں کے تذکرے زبانِ زدعام ہیں‘ ان پر براہ راست صدر زرداری کی جانب سے پہلی بار سخت ردعمل کا اظہار کیا گیا ہے جبکہ انہوں نے اپنی پارٹی کے وزراء اور عہدیداروں کو بھی سخت لتاڑا ہے جس سے اس تاثر کو تقویت ملتی ہے کہ زیر گردش مجوزہ فارمولوں کے حوالے سے دال میں کچھ کالا ضرور ہے جس کے باعث صدر زرداری کو خود سخت رویہ اختیار کرنے کی ضرورت محسوس ہوئی مگر کیا ہی اچھا ہوتا کہ وہ ان عناصر کی نشاندہی بھی کر دیتے جو بقول انکے پیپلزپارٹی کی حکومت اور جمہوریت کیخلاف سازشیں کررہے ہیں جبکہ انکے مبہم بیان سے انکے اپنے حکومتی حلیفوں میں بھی غلط فہمیاں پیدا ہو سکتی ہیں۔
    موجودہ سیاسی سیناریو میں اگر پیپلز پارٹی کی حکومت کو جمہوریت کی عملداری میں کسی سیاسی قوت کی جانب سے کوئی خطرہ لاحق ہو سکتا ہے تو وہ صرف مسلم لیگ (ن) ہے جس کے قائد میاں نوازشریف گزشتہ روز ایک نجی ٹی وی کو انٹرویو دیتے ہوئے کھل کر یہ اعلان کر چکے ہیں کہ اگر جمہوری نظام کو کوئی خطرہ ہوا تو وہ اسکی مزاحمت کرینگے‘ اسی طرح این آر او کے حوالے سے بھی میاں نوازشریف یہ کہہ کر صدر آصف علی زرداری کا دفاع کر رہے ہیں کہ انہیں آئینی تحفظ حاصل ہے اور اگر عدلیہ میں این آر او کا معاملہ آیا تو وہ صدر کو حاصل شدہ آئینی تحفظ کو ضرور پیش نظر رکھے گی۔ اس صورت میں تو حکمران پیپلزپارٹی کے بڑے سیاسی حریف میاں نواز شریف جمہوریت کیخلاف کسی سازش کا مقابلہ کرنے کیلئے خود اسکے ساتھ کھڑے نظر آتے ہیں جبکہ حکمران پیپلزپارٹی کی حلیف جماعتوں ایم کیو ایم متحدہ‘ اے این پی اور جمعیت علماء اسلام فضل الرحمان گروپ کی جانب سے بھی اپنی ہی حکومت کیخلاف کسی ایسی سازش کی ہرگز توقع نہیں‘ جس سے پورا سسٹم سبوتاژ ہوتا ہو۔ پھر وہ کونسے عناصر ہو سکتے ہیں‘ جو بقول صدر زرداری پیپلزپارٹی کے اقتدار اور جمہوریت کیخلاف سازشوں میں مصروف ہیں‘ جنہیں بھانپ کر انہیں اپنی پارٹی کے اقتدار کے دفاع کیلئے خود میدان میں آنا پڑا۔
    جہاں تک ملک کی موجودہ عسکری قیادت کا معاملہ ہے‘ آرمی چیف جنرل اشفاق پرویز کیانی نے مسلح افواج کی کمان سنبھالتے ہی واشگاف الفاظ میں یہ اعلان کردیا تھا کہ افواج پاکستان کا سول معاملات میں کوئی کردار نہیں ہو گا اور وہ صرف اپنے پیشہ ورانہ آئینی فرائض تک ہی محدود رہیں گی اور آئین کے تقاضے کے تحت سول حکومت کے طلب کرنے پر اسکی معاونت کریں گی۔ آرمی چیف صرف اس اعلان تک ہی محدود نہیں رہے بلکہ فوجی اپریشن کی شکل میں سول حکومت کی معاونت کا عملی مظاہرہ بھی کررہے ہیں اور ایک سپہ سالار کی حیثیت سے ہی وہ اپنے منصب کی میعاد پوری ہونے پر قواعد و ضوابط کے مطابق ریٹائر ہونا چاہتے ہیں جس کی تصدیق میاں نوازشریف نے اپنے انٹرویو میں بھی کی ہے۔ پھر صدر آصف علی زرداری کو اپنی پارٹی کی حکومت کیخلاف کسی سازش کی بھنک کیسے اور کہاں سے پڑ گئی ہے؟
    درحقیقت 18؍ فروری 2008ء کے انتخابات میں عوام نے جرنیلی آمریت اور اسکے تمام ساتھیوں کو مسترد کرکے سلطانی ٔ جمہور کے ساتھ جو توقعات وابستہ کی تھیں‘ وہ نہ صرف پوری نہیں ہو سکیں بلکہ انکے معاشی‘ اقتصادی حالات مزید دگرگوں ہو گئے ہیں‘ امن و امان کی حالت پہلے سے بھی بدتر ہے‘ لوگوں کا روٹی روزگار بالخصوص آٹا اور چینی کا مسئلہ پہلے سے بھی سنگین ہو گیا ہے‘ غربت اور پسماندگی پہلے سے بھی زیادہ بڑھ گئی ہے۔ بھوک اور بیروزگاری کے ہاتھوں تنگ آئے خاندانوں اور طبقات میں خودکشیوں اور اپنے بچوں تک کو فروخت کرنے کا رجحان اور بھی زیادہ ہو گیا ہے۔ توانائی اور خوراک کا بحران پہلے سے بھی شدید ہے جبکہ موجودہ جمہوری نظام میں عوام کیلئے سکھ کا سانس لینا بھی دشوار ہو چکا ہے اور گڈگورننس کی یہ حالت ہے کہ کہیں حکومتی رٹ نظر ہی نہیں آتی‘ جبکہ امریکی مفادات کی جنگ میں خود کو اس کا فرنٹ لائن اتحادی بنانے والی مشرف آمریت کی پالیسیاں نہ صرف برقرار رکھی گئی ہیں‘ بلکہ انہیں ملک و قوم پر لاگو کرنے میں جرنیلی آمریت سے بھی زیادہ سرعت کا مظاہرہ کیا گیا ہے۔
    سلطانی ٔ جمہور کی اس تشویشناک صورتحال میں اگر صدر مملکت تمام جرنیلی صوابدیدی اختیارات سے بھی دستکش ہونے کیلئے بخوشی آمادہ نظر نہ آئیں اور پارلیمنٹ کی حیثیت ایک فرد واحد کے کھلونے کی بنی ہوئی ہو تو اپوزیشن کا کردار ادا کرنے والی سیاسی جماعتیں چاہے سسٹم کو بچانے کے نام پر جتنی بھی مصلحتوں سے کام لے لیں‘ مسائل میں گھرے عوام میں جمہوریت کے لبادے میں موجود استحصال نظام کیخلاف اضطراب کی لہر ضرور پیدا ہو گی جس سے عوام کی ترجمانی کی دعویدار سیاسی قیادتیں چاہیں بھی تو لاتعلقی کی راہ اختیار نہیں کر سکتیں‘ بصورت دیگر آئندہ انتخابات میں وہ بھی خود کو حکمران پیپلزپارٹی جیسے انجام سے نہیں بچا پائیں گی۔
    اس فضاء میں اگر عوامی اضطراب کی بنیاد پر افواہوں کی صورت میں زیر گردش منفی مثبت فارمولوں میں صدر زرداری کو اپنی پارٹی کی حکومت کیخلاف کسی سازش کی بو محسوس ہو رہی ہے تو انہیں قربانیاں دینے کا دعویٰ کرنے کے بجائے‘ سنجیدگی سے جائزہ لینا چاہئے کہ انکی پارٹی کے اقتدار کیخلاف عوامی اضطراب کی نوبت کیوں آئی ہے اور اس میں انکے اپنے ساتھیوں کے کردار اور پالیسیوں کا کتنا عمل دخل ہے؟ بلاشبہ سسٹم کو بچانے کی ذمہ داری جمہوریت کا درد رکھنے والی تمام سیاسی جماعتوں پر عائد ہوتی ہے جس کیلئے وہ یکسو بھی ہیں مگر اس سسٹم کو قومی امنگوں کا ترجمان اور عوام کے لاانتہاء دکھوں کے مداوا کا باعث بھی تو ہونا چاہئے۔ اگر تمام سہولتیں اور مراعات اقتدار کے ایوانوں میں نظر آرہی ہوں اور اپنے حکمرانوں کو اقتدار کے ایوانوں میں لانے والے عوام بھوکے مررہے ہوں‘ دربدر کی ٹھوکریں کھا رہے ہوں اور ملک کی آزادی و خودمختاری بھی خطرے میں پڑی ہو تو عوام کی ترجمانی کے دعویدار سیاسی قائدین چاہیں بھی تو خود کو اس صورتحال سے الگ تھلگ نہیں کر سکتے‘ اس لئے حکمرانوں کی اپنی پالیسیوں کا پیدا کردہ موجودہ عوامی اضطراب اگر بقول صدر زرداری پیپلزپارٹی کی حکومت اور سسٹم کیخلاف سازش ہے تو انہیں خود فیصلہ کرلینا چاہئے کہ اسکی ذمہ داری کس پر عائد ہوتی ہے۔ انہیں الزام تراشی کے بجائے اپنی پارٹی کی حکومت کو گڈگورننس کی مثال بنانا چاہئے اور اپنے طرز حکمرانی میں موجود تمام خامیوں کو دور کرکے جمہوری نظام کے استحکام کو یقینی بنانا چاہئے‘ بصورت دیگر انہیں ہوا کی کسی سرسراہٹ سے بھی اپنے اور اپنی پارٹی کے اقتدار کیلئے خطرات محسوس ہوتے رہیں گے جبکہ اس فضاء میں سسٹم کے استحکام کی توقع بھی کیسے وابستہ رکھی جا سکتی ہے۔ انکی پارٹی پارلیمنٹ میں سنگل لارجسٹ پارٹی ہے‘ اتحادیوں سمیت انہیں پانچ سال پورے کرنے کا حق ہے‘ لیکن اسکے تمام تقاضے پورے کرنے چاہئیں۔
    کرپشن میں اضافہ
    ٹرانسپیرنسی انٹرنیشنل نے دنیا کے بدعنوان ممالک کی نئی فہرست جاری کی ہے‘ 180 ممالک میں پاکستان کرپشن کے حوالے سے 42ویں نمبر پر ہے‘ صومالیہ‘ افغانستان اور میانمار بالترتیب پہلے‘ دوسرے اور تیسرے نمبر پر ہیں۔ نیوزی لینڈ‘ ڈنمارک اور سنگاپور میں کرپشن نہ ہونے کے برابر ہے‘ چنانچہ یہ ممالک کم کرپشن کے حوالے سے بالترتیب پہلے دوسرے اور تیسرے نمبر پر ہیں۔ پاکستان میں سالانہ پانچ کھرب روپے کی بدعنوانیاں ہوتی ہیں۔ 2008ء میں پاکستان کرپشن کے حوالے سے 47ویں نمبر پر تھا‘ اس سال کے دوران کرپشن میں پانچ فیصد اضافہ ہوا۔ دریں اثناء وفاقی وزیر خزانہ نے انکشاف کیا ہے کہ صرف ایف بی آر میں پانچ کھرب کی کرپشن موجود ہے‘ صرف اس کو ٹھیک کرلیا جائے تو ملک کی تقدیر بدل سکتی ہے۔
    جمہوری حکومت سے عوام کو بہت سی توقعات وابستہ تھیں لیکن کرپشن میں اضافے اور دیگر بحرانوں کی وجہ سے لوگ پریشان ہیں۔ این آر او تو اس لئے لایا گیا تھا کہ پرانے معاملات درست اور مستقبل میں شفاف گورننس ہو گی‘ لگتا ہے این آر او سے فائدے حاصل کرنے والوں نے کسی اور این آر او کیلئے راستہ ہموار کرنا شروع کردیا ہے۔ ہو سکتا ہے کہ کرپشن میں وہ لوگ ملوث ہوں‘ جو موجودہ این آر او یافتہ لوگوں کو رول ماڈل بنا کر انکے راستے پر چل پڑے ہوں اور پکڑے جانے کی صورت میں انکی طرح خودکو بھی محفوظ سمجھتے ہوں۔ بہرحال کرپشن ایک لعنت ہے‘ جو ملکی ترقی اور خوشحالی کی راہ میں سب سے بڑی رکاوٹ ہے۔ ایک طرف غربت کی انتہا کہ بہت سے لوگ تعلیم اور صحت کی سہولتوں سے محروم ہیں‘ افلاس اور بیروزگاری کی وجہ سے خودکشیاں کررہے ہیں اور اپنے بچوں تک کو بیچ رہے ہیں‘ دوسری طرف کرپشن سے لمبی چوڑی جائیدادیں بنائی جا رہی ہیں۔ وزیر خزانہ شوکت ترین کا کہنا ہے کہ اگر صرف ایف بی آر کو درست کرلیا جائے تو قوم کی تقدیر بدل سکتی ہے۔ تو اس کو پھر درست کریں‘ یہ کام کس نے کرنا ہے؟ حکومت نے ہی کرنا ہے‘ آپ نے بھی کرنا ہے۔ صرف ایف بی آر ہی کیوں‘ ہر محکمے‘ ادارے اور شعبے سے کرپشن ختم کی جائے۔ اس کیلئے جو اقدامات کرنا پڑیں‘ کئے جائیں۔ جس حد تک جانا پڑے جائیں اور بلاامتیاز کارروائی کی جائے۔ کسی سیاسی دبائو کو خاطر میں نہ لایا جائے‘ کرپشن بھی ایک دہشت گردی ہے اور اسکے ذمہ دار دہشت گرد۔ انکے ساتھ سلوک بھی وہی کیا جائے‘ جس کے یہ حقدار ہیں۔ اس معاملے میں صدر اور وزیراعظم کو دلچسپی لینی چاہئے۔ کرپشن میں اضافہ ان کے اور انکی پارٹی کیلئے بدنامی کا باعث بن رہا ہے اگر انکی پارٹی کے لوگ اس میں ملوث ہیں تو ان کو نہ صرف نکال باہر کرنا چاہئے‘ بلکہ دوسرے کیلئے نشانِ عبرت بھی بنا دینا چاہئے۔


  14. Now will PKKH show same “excitement” in exposing MUSH and SHAUKAT’s corruption ?
    http://publicmb.wordpress.com/2009/11/19/shaukat-aziz-and-musharraf-a-story-of-38-billion-rupees-corruption


  15. Guys,

    In your spare time,visit above link given by MB above FOR FUN.

    Yellow journalists sensationalise,create dismay,frustration,dis-illusion by giving unfounded stories.They do not provide any answers or suggestions to whatever they are criticising.

    Rauf Klasra’s story is such an example.

    If Shaukat Aziz & his team were laughing at him,they were not that wrong.

    As per his story(i know no more than the said story as I am out of Pakistan for quite a while)
    the real loss was Rs.18 Billion,as the 10 billion interest should have been taken in earlier years as an income.The write off amounts to a set off against an un-realised income.The equity of 10 billion,is not a loss.It is an investment in the Bank.

    Rauf has himself said that both Mush and Shaukat approached that Govt for recovery but failed.

    So where is the corruption.

    KHODA PAHAR
    NIKLI CHOOHIA


  16. For some people(I am not saying all),if they cannot do anything,they become journalist. Easy money,and if knows blackmailing,big money.

    Those who have not even played”Gilli Danda”,become expert sports analysts.Same is the case with economy and finance reporting.

    probably times have changed.Few years back,such people used to go to Police deptt.


  17. Somebody teach Zardari manners.Yesterday,in Karzai inauguration,while he was delivering his speech,Zardari was playing with a gadget and Hillary was looking at it.

    In the last interview of Sharif with Financial Timesin April/May 2009,the FT man summed up by saying”One thing is certain when he comes to power,the catering industry will flourish”.

    Why only these two play musical chair?


  18. This writer as summarized by views very well
    I think we better start looking into our own collars instead of cursing INDIA ISRAEL AND USA
    http://blog.dawn.com/2009/11/14/the-convenient-curtain-of-myth/


  19. […] Kayani did dispatch his ISI chief, Lt. Gen. Shuja Pasha, to Riyadh to meet the king.” (Power struggle threatens Pakistan’s leader […]


  20. […] Kayani did dispatch his ISI chief, Lt. Gen. Shuja Pasha, to Riyadh to meet the king.” (Power struggle threatens Pakistan’s leader […]



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