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The heart of India is under attack

November 5, 2009

Arundhati Roy
The Guardian

To justify enforcing a corporate land grab, the state needs an enemy – and it has chosen the Maoists

The low, flat-topped hills of south Orissa have been home to the Dongria Kondh long before there was a country called India or a state called Orissa. The hills watched over the Kondh. The Kondh watched over the hills and worshipped them as living deities. Now these hills have been sold for the bauxite they contain. For the Kondh it’s as though god had been sold. They ask how much god would go for if the god were Ram or Allah or Jesus Christ.

Perhaps the Kondh are supposed to be grateful that their Niyamgiri hill, home to their Niyam Raja, God of Universal Law, has been sold to a company with a name like Vedanta (the branch of Hindu philosophy that teaches the Ultimate Nature of Knowledge). It’s one of the biggest mining corporations in the world and is owned by Anil Agarwal, the Indian billionaire who lives in London in a mansion that once belonged to the Shah of Iran. Vedanta is only one of the many multinational corporations closing in on Orissa.

If the flat-topped hills are destroyed, the forests that clothe them will be destroyed, too. So will the rivers and streams that flow out of them and irrigate the plains below. So will the Dongria Kondh. So will the hundreds of thousands of tribal people who live in the forested heart of India, and whose homeland is similarly under attack.

In our smoky, crowded cities, some people say, “So what? Someone has to pay the price of progress.” Some even say, “Let’s face it, these are people whose time has come. Look at any developed country – Europe, the US, Australia – they all have a ‘past’.” Indeed they do. So why shouldn’t “we”?

In keeping with this line of thought, the government has announced Operation Green Hunt, a war purportedly against the “Maoist” rebels headquartered in the jungles of central India. Of course, the Maoists are by no means the only ones rebelling. There is a whole spectrum of struggles all over the country that people are engaged in–the landless, the Dalits, the homeless, workers, peasants, weavers. They’re pitted against a juggernaut of injustices, including policies that allow a wholesale corporate takeover of people’s land and resources. However, it is the Maoists that the government has singled out as being the biggest threat.

Two years ago, when things were nowhere near as bad as they are now, the prime minister described the Maoists as the “single largest internal security threat” to the country. This will probably go down as the most popular and often repeated thing he ever said. For some reason, the comment he made on 6 January, 2009, at a meeting of state chief ministers, when he described the Maoists as having only “modest capabilities”, doesn’t seem to have had the same raw appeal. He revealed his government’s real concern on 18 June, 2009, when he told parliament: “If left-wing extremism continues to flourish in parts which have natural resources of minerals, the climate for investment would certainly be affected.”

Who are the Maoists? They are members of the banned Communist party of India (Maoist) – CPI (Maoist) – one of the several descendants of the Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist), which led the 1969 Naxalite uprising and was subsequently liquidated by the Indian government. The Maoists believe that the innate, structural inequality of Indian society can only be redressed by the violent overthrow of the Indian state. In its earlier avatars as the Maoist Communist Centre (MCC) in Jharkhand and Bihar, and the People’s War Group (PWG) in Andhra Pradesh, the Maoists had tremendous popular support. (When the ban on them was briefly lifted in 2004, 1.5 million people attended their rally in Warangal.)

But eventually their intercession in Andhra Pradesh ended badly. They left a violent legacy that turned some of their staunchest supporters into harsh critics. After a paroxysm of killing and counter-killing by the Andhra police as well as the Maoists, the PWG was decimated. Those who managed to survive fled Andhra Pradesh into neighbouring Chhattisgarh. There, deep in the heart of the forest, they joined colleagues who had already been working there for decades.

Not many “outsiders” have any first-hand experience of the real nature of the Maoist movement in the forest. A recent interview with one of its top leaders, Comrade Ganapathy, in Open magazine, didn’t do much to change the minds of those who view the Maoists as a party with an unforgiving, totalitarian vision, which countenances no dissent whatsoever. Comrade Ganapathy said nothing that would persuade people that, were the Maoists ever to come to power, they would be equipped to properly address the almost insane diversity of India’s caste-ridden society. His casual approval of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) of Sri Lanka was enough to send a shiver down even the most sympathetic of spines, not just because of the brutal ways in which the LTTE chose to wage its war, but also because of the cataclysmic tragedy that has befallen the Tamil people of Sri Lanka, who it claimed to represent, and for whom it surely must take some responsibility.

Right now in central India, the Maoists’ guerrilla army is made up almost entirely of desperately poor tribal people living in conditions of such chronic hunger that it verges on famine of the kind we only associate with sub-Saharan Africa. They are people who, even after 60 years of India’s so-called independence, have not had access to education, healthcare or legal redress. They are people who have been mercilessly exploited for decades, consistently cheated by small businessmen and moneylenders, the women raped as a matter of right by police and forest department personnel. Their journey back to a semblance of dignity is due in large part to the Maoist cadre who have lived and worked and fought by their side for decades.

If the tribals have taken up arms, they have done so because a government which has given them nothing but violence and neglect now wants to snatch away the last thing they have – their land. Clearly, they do not believe the government when it says it only wants to “develop” their region. Clearly, they do not believe that the roads as wide and flat as aircraft runways that are being built through their forests in Dantewada by the National Mineral Development Corporation are being built for them to walk their children to school on. They believe that if they do not fight for their land, they will be annihilated. That is why they have taken up arms.

Even if the ideologues of the Maoist movement are fighting to eventually overthrow the Indian state, right now even they know that their ragged, malnutritioned army, the bulk of whose soldiers have never seen a train or a bus or even a small town, are fighting only for survival.

In 2008, an expert group appointed by the Planning Commission submitted a report called “Development Challenges in Extremist-Affected Areas”. It said, “the Naxalite (Maoist) movement has to be recognised as a political movement with a strong base among the landless and poor peasantry and adivasis. Its emergence and growth need to be contextualised in the social conditions and experience of people who form a part of it. The huge gap between state policy and performance is a feature of these conditions. Though its professed long-term ideology is capturing state power by force, in its day-to-day manifestation, it is to be looked upon as basically a fight for social justice, equality, protection, security and local development.” A very far cry from the “single-largest internal security threat”.

Since the Maoist rebellion is the flavour of the week, everybody, from the sleekest fat cat to the most cynical editor of the most sold-out newspaper in this country, seems to be suddenly ready to concede that it is decades of accumulated injustice that lies at the root of the problem. But instead of addressing that problem, which would mean putting the brakes on this 21st-century gold rush, they are trying to head the debate off in a completely different direction, with a noisy outburst of pious outrage about Maoist “terrorism”. But they’re only speaking to themselves.

The people who have taken to arms are not spending all their time watching (or performing for) TV, or reading the papers, or conducting SMS polls for the Moral Science question of the day: Is Violence Good or Bad? SMS your reply to … They’re out there. They’re fighting. They believe they have the right to defend their homes and their land. They believe that they deserve justice.

In order to keep its better-off citizens absolutely safe from these dangerous people, the government has declared war on them. A war, which it tells us, may take between three and five years to win. Odd, isn’t it, that even after the Mumbai attacks of 26/11, the government was prepared to talk with Pakistan? It’s prepared to talk to China. But when it comes to waging war against the poor, it’s playing hard.

It’s not enough that special police with totemic names like Greyhounds, Cobras and Scorpions are scouring the forests with a licence to kill. It’s not enough that the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), the Border Security Force (BSF) and the notorious Naga Battalion have already wreaked havoc and committed unconscionable atrocities in remote forest villages. It’s not enough that the government supports and arms the Salwa Judum, the “people’s militia” that has killed and raped and burned its way through the forests of Dantewada leaving 300,000 people homeless or on the run. Now the government is going to deploy the Indo-Tibetan border police and tens of thousands of paramilitary troops. It plans to set up a brigade headquarters in Bilaspur (which will displace nine villages) and an air base in Rajnandgaon (which will displace seven). Obviously, these decisions were taken a while ago. Surveys have been done, sites chosen. Interesting. War has been in the offing for a while. And now the helicopters of the Indian air force have been given the right to fire in “self-defence”, the very right that the government denies its poorest citizens.

Fire at whom? How will the security forces be able to distinguish a Maoist from an ordinary person who is running terrified through the jungle? Will adivasis carrying the bows and arrows they have carried for centuries now count as Maoists too? Are non-combatant Maoist sympathisers valid targets? When I was in Dantewada, the superintendent of police showed me pictures of 19 “Maoists” that “his boys” had killed. I asked him how I was supposed to tell they were Maoists. He said, “See Ma’am, they have malaria medicines, Dettol bottles, all these things from outside.”

What kind of war is Operation Green Hunt going to be? Will we ever know? Not much news comes out of the forests. Lalgarh in West Bengal has been cordoned off. Those who try to go in are being beaten and arrested. And called Maoists, of course. In Dantewada, the Vanvasi Chetana Ashram, a Gandhian ashram run by Himanshu Kumar, was bulldozed in a few hours. It was the last neutral outpost before the war zone begins, a place where journalists, activists, researchers and fact-finding teams could stay while they worked in the area.

Meanwhile, the Indian establishment has unleashed its most potent weapon. Almost overnight, our embedded media has substituted its steady supply of planted, unsubstantiated, hysterical stories about “Islamist terrorism” with planted, unsubstantiated, hysterical stories about “Red terrorism”. In the midst of this racket, at ground zero, the cordon of silence is being inexorably tightened. The “Sri Lanka solution” could very well be on the cards. It’s not for nothing that the Indian government blocked a European move in the UN asking for an international probe into war crimes committed by the government of Sri Lanka in its recent offensive against the Tamil Tigers.

The first move in that direction is the concerted campaign that has been orchestrated to shoehorn the myriad forms of resistance taking place in this country into a simple George Bush binary: If you are not with us, you are with the Maoists. The deliberate exaggeration of the Maoist “threat” helps the state justify militarisation. (And surely does no harm to the Maoists. Which political party would be unhappy to be singled out for such attention?) While all the oxygen is being used up by this new doppelganger of the “war on terror”, the state will use the opportunity to mop up the hundreds of other resistance movements in the sweep of its military operation, calling them all Maoist sympathisers.

I use the future tense, but this process is well under way. The West Bengal government tried to do this in Nandigram and Singur but failed. Right now in Lalgarh, the Pulishi Santrash Birodhi Janasadharaner Committee or the People’s Committee Against Police Atrocities – which is a people’s movement that is separate from, though sympathetic to, the Maoists – is routinely referred to as an overground wing of the CPI (Maoist). Its leader, Chhatradhar Mahato, now arrested and being held without bail, is always called a “Maoist leader”. We all know the story of Dr Binayak Sen, a medical doctor and a civil liberties activist, who spent two years in jail on the absolutely facile charge of being a courier for the Maoists. While the light shines brightly on Operation Green Hunt, in other parts of India, away from the theatre of war, the assault on the rights of the poor, of workers, of the landless, of those whose lands the government wishes to acquire for “public purpose”, will pick up pace. Their suffering will deepen and it will be that much harder for them to get a hearing.

Once the war begins, like all wars, it will develop a momentum, a logic and an economics of its own. It will become a way of life, almost impossible to reverse. The police will be expected to behave like an army, a ruthless killing machine. The paramilitary will be expected to become like the police, a corrupt, bloated administrative force. We’ve seen it happen in Nagaland, Manipur and Kashmir. The only difference in the “heartland” will be that it’ll become obvious very quickly to the security forces that they’re only a little less wretched than the people they’re fighting. In time, the divide between the people and the law enforcers will become porous. Guns and ammunition will be bought and sold. In fact, it’s already happening. Whether it’s the security forces or the Maoists or noncombatant civilians, the poorest people will die in this rich people’s war. However, if anybody believes that this war will leave them unaffected, they should think again. The resources it’ll consume will cripple the economy of this country.

Last week, civil liberties groups from all over the country organised a series of meetings in Delhi to discuss what could be done to turn the tide and stop the war. The absence of Dr Balagopal, one of the best-known civil rights activists of Andhra Pradesh, who died two weeks ago, closed around us like a physical pain. He was one of the bravest, wisest political thinkers of our time and left us just when we needed him most. Still, I’m sure he would have been reassured to hear speaker after speaker displaying the vision, the depth, the experience, the wisdom, the political acuity and, above all, the real humanity of the community of activists, academics, lawyers, judges and a range of other people who make up the civil liberties community in India. Their presence in the capital signalled that outside the arclights of our TV studios and beyond the drumbeat of media hysteria, even among India’s middle classes, a humane heart still beats. Small wonder then that these are the people who the Union home minister recently accused of creating an “intellectual climate” that was conducive to “terrorism”. If that charge was meant to frighten people, it had the opposite effect.

The speakers represented a range of opinion from the liberal to the radical left. Though none of those who spoke would describe themselves as Maoist, few were opposed in principle to the idea that people have a right to defend themselves against state violence. Many were uncomfortable about Maoist violence, about the “people’s courts” that delivered summary justice, about the authoritarianism that was bound to permeate an armed struggle and marginalise those who did not have arms. But even as they expressed their discomfort, they knew that people’s courts only existed because India’s courts are out of the reach of ordinary people and that the armed struggle that has broken out in the heartland is not the first, but the very last option of a desperate people pushed to the very brink of existence. The speakers were aware of the dangers of trying to extract a simple morality out of individual incidents of heinous violence, in a situation that had already begun to look very much like war. Everybody had graduated long ago from equating the structural violence of the state with the violence of the armed resistance. In fact, retired Justice PB Sawant went so far as to thank the Maoists for forcing the establishment of this country to pay attention to the egregious injustice of the system. Hargopal from Andhra Pradesh spoke of his experience as a civil rights activist through the years of the Maoist interlude in his state. He mentioned in passing the fact that in a few days in Gujarat in 2002, Hindu mobs led by the Bajrang Dal and the VHP had killed more people than the Maoists ever had even in their bloodiest days in Andhra Pradesh.

People who had come from the war zones, from Lalgarh, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh and Orissa, described the police repression, the arrests, the torture, the killing, the corruption, and the fact that they sometimes seemed to take orders directly from the officials who worked for the mining companies. People described the often dubious, malign role being played by certain NGOs funded by aid agencies wholly devoted to furthering corporate prospects. Again and again they spoke of how in Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh activists as well as ordinary people – anyone who was seen to be a dissenter – were being branded Maoists and imprisoned. They said that this, more than anything else, was pushing people to take up arms and join the Maoists. They asked how a government that professed its inability to resettle even a fraction of the 50 million people who had been displaced by “development” projects was suddenly able to identify 1,40,000 hectares of prime land to give to industrialists for more than 300 Special Economic Zones, India’s onshore tax havens for the rich. They asked what brand of justice the supreme court was practising when it refused to review the meaning of “public purpose” in the land acquisition act even when it knew that the government was forcibly acquiring land in the name of “public purpose” to give to private corporations. They asked why when the government says that “the writ of the state must run”, it seems to only mean that police stations must be put in place. Not schools or clinics or housing, or clean water, or a fair price for forest produce, or even being left alone and free from the fear of the police – anything that would make people’s lives a little easier. They asked why the “writ of the state” could never be taken to mean justice.

There was a time, perhaps 10 years ago, when in meetings like these, people were still debating the model of “development” that was being thrust on them by the New Economic Policy. Now the rejection of that model is complete. It is absolute. Everyone from the Gandhians to the Maoists agree on that. The only question now is, what is the most effective way to dismantle it?

An old college friend of a friend, a big noise in the corporate world, had come along for one of the meetings out of morbid curiosity about a world he knew very little about. Even though he had disguised himself in a Fabindia kurta, he couldn’t help looking (and smelling) expensive. At one point, he leaned across to me and said, “Someone should tell them not to bother. They won’t win this one. They have no idea what they’re up against. With the kind of money that’s involved here, these companies can buy ministers and media barons and policy wonks, they can run their own NGOs, their own militias, they can buy whole governments. They’ll even buy the Maoists. These good people here should save their breath and find something better to do.”

When people are being brutalised, what “better” thing is there for them to do than to fight back? It’s not as though anyone’s offering them a choice, unless it’s to commit suicide, like some of the farmers caught in a spiral of debt have done. (Am I the only one who gets the feeling that the Indian establishment and its representatives in the media are far more comfortable with the idea of poor people killing themselves in despair than with the idea of them fighting back?)

For several years, people in Chhattisgarh, Orissa, Jharkhand and West Bengal – some of them Maoists, many not – have managed to hold off the big corporations. The question now is, how will Operation Green Hunt change the nature of their struggle? What exactly are the fighting people up against?

It’s true that, historically, mining companies have often won their battles against local people. Of all corporations, leaving aside the ones that make weapons, they probably have the most merciless past. They are cynical, battle-hardened campaigners and when people say, “Jaan denge par jameen nahin denge” (We’ll give away our lives, but never our land), it probably bounces off them like a light drizzle on a bomb shelter. They’ve heard it before, in a thousand different languages, in a hundred different countries.

Right now in India, many of them are still in the first class arrivals lounge, ordering cocktails, blinking slowly like lazy predators, waiting for the Memorandums of Understanding (MoUs) they have signed – some as far back as 2005 – to materialise into real money. But four years in a first class lounge is enough to test the patience of even the truly tolerant: the elaborate, if increasingly empty, rituals of democratic practice: the (sometimes rigged) public hearings, the (sometimes fake) environmental impact assessments, the (often purchased) clearances from various ministries, the long drawn-out court cases. Even phony democracy is time-consuming. And time is money.

So what kind of money are we talking about? In their seminal, soon-to-be-published work, Out of This Earth: East India Adivasis and the Aluminum Cartel, Samarendra Das and Felix Padel say that the financial value of the bauxite deposits of Orissa alone is $2.27 trillion (more than twice India’s GDP). That was at 2004 prices. At today’s prices it would be about $4 trillion.

Of this, officially the government gets a royalty of less than 7%. Quite often, if the mining company is a known and recognised one, the chances are that, even though the ore is still in the mountain, it will have already been traded on the futures market. So, while for the adivasis the mountain is still a living deity, the fountainhead of life and faith, the keystone of the ecological health of the region, for the corporation, it’s just a cheap storage facility. Goods in storage have to be accessible. From the corporation’s point of view, the bauxite will have to come out of the mountain. Such are the pressures and the exigencies of the free market.

That’s just the story of the bauxite in Orissa. Expand the $4 trillion to include the value of the millions of tonnes of high-quality iron ore in Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand and the 28 other precious mineral resources, including uranium, limestone, dolomite, coal, tin, granite, marble, copper, diamond, gold, quartzite, corundum, beryl, alexandrite, silica, fluorite and garnet. Add to that the power plants, the dams, the highways, the steel and cement factories, the aluminium smelters, and all the other infrastructure projects that are part of the hundreds of MoUs (more than 90 in Jharkhand alone) that have been signed. That gives us a rough outline of the scale of the operation and the desperation of the stakeholders.

The forest once known as the Dandakaranya, which stretches from West Bengal through Jharkhand, Orissa, Chhattisgarh, parts of Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra, is home to millions of India’s tribal people. The media has taken to calling it the Red corridor or the Maoist corridor. It could just as accurately be called the MoUist corridor. It doesn’t seem to matter at all that the fifth schedule of the constitution provides protection to adivasi people and disallows the alienation of their land. It looks as though the clause is there only to make the constitution look good – a bit of window-dressing, a slash of make-up. Scores of corporations, from relatively unknown ones to the biggest mining companies and steel manufacturers in the world, are in the fray to appropriate adivasi homelands – the Mittals, Jindals, Tata, Essar, Posco, Rio Tinto, BHP Billiton and, of course, Vedanta.

There’s an MoU on every mountain, river and forest glade. We’re talking about social and environmental engineering on an unimaginable scale. And most of this is secret. It’s not in the public domain. Somehow I don’t think that the plans afoot that would destroy one of the world’s most pristine forests and ecosystems, as well as the people who live in it, will be discussed at the climate change conference in Copenhagen. Our 24-hour news channels that are so busy hunting for macabre stories of Maoist violence – and making them up when they run out of the real thing – seem to have no interest at all in this side of the story. I wonder why?

Perhaps it’s because the development lobby to which they are so much in thrall says the mining industry will ratchet up the rate of GDP growth dramatically and provide employment to the people it displaces. This does not take into account the catastrophic costs of environmental damage. But even on its own narrow terms, it is simply untrue. Most of the money goes into the bank accounts of the mining corporations. Less than 10% comes to the public exchequer. A very tiny percentage of the displaced people get jobs, and those who do, earn slave-wages to do humiliating, backbreaking work. By caving in to this paroxysm of greed, we are bolstering other countries’ economies with our ecology.

When the scale of money involved is what it is, the stakeholders are not always easy to identify. Between the CEOs in their private jets and the wretched tribal special police officers in the “people’s” militias – who for a couple of thousand rupees a month fight their own people, rape, kill and burn down whole villages in an effort to clear the ground for mining to begin – there is an entire universe of primary, secondary and tertiary stakeholders.

These people don’t have to declare their interests, but they’re allowed to use their positions and good offices to further them. How will we ever know which political party, which ministers, which MPs, which politicians, which judges, which NGOs, which expert consultants, which police officers, have a direct or indirect stake in the booty? How will we know which newspapers reporting the latest Maoist “atrocity”, which TV channels “reporting directly from ground zero” – or, more accurately, making it a point not to report from ground zero, or even more accurately, lying blatantly from ground zero – are stakeholders?

What is the provenance of the billions of dollars (several times more than India’s GDP) secretly stashed away by Indian citizens in Swiss bank accounts? Where did the $2bn spent on the last general elections come from? Where do the hundreds of millions of rupees that politicians and parties pay the media for the “high-end”, “low-end” and “live” pre-election “coverage packages” that P Sainath recently wrote about come from? (The next time you see a TV anchor haranguing a numb studio guest, shouting, “Why don’t the Maoists stand for elections? Why don’t they come in to the mainstream?”, do SMS the channel saying, “Because they can’t afford your rates.”)

Too many questions about conflicts of interest and cronyism remain unanswered. What are we to make of the fact that the Union home minister, P Chidambaram, the chief of Operation Green Hunt, has, in his career as a corporate lawyer, represented several mining corporations? What are we to make of the fact that he was a non-executive director of Vedanta – a position from which he resigned the day he became finance minister in 2004? What are we to make of the fact that, when he became finance minister, one of the first clearances he gave for FDI was to Twinstar Holdings, a Mauritius-based company, to buy shares in Sterlite, a part of the Vedanta group?

What are we to make of the fact that, when activists from Orissa filed a case against Vedanta in the supreme court, citing its violations of government guidelines and pointing out that the Norwegian Pension Fund had withdrawn its investment from the company alleging gross environmental damage and human rights violations committed by the company, Justice Kapadia suggested that Vedanta be substituted with Sterlite, a sister company of the same group? He then blithely announced in an open court that he, too, had shares in Sterlite. He gave forest clearance to Sterlite to go ahead with the mining, despite the fact that the supreme court’s own expert committee had explicitly said that permission should be denied and that mining would ruin the forests, water sources, environment and the lives and livelihoods of the thousands of tribals living there. Justice Kapadia gave this clearance without rebutting the report of the supreme court’s own committee.

What are we to make of the fact that the Salwa Judum, the brutal ground-clearing operation disguised as a “spontaneous” people’s militia in Dantewada, was formally inaugurated in 2005, just days after the MoU with the Tatas was signed? And that the Jungle Warfare Training School in Bastar was set up just around then?

What are we to make of the fact that two weeks ago, on 12 October, the mandatory public hearing for Tata Steel’s steel project in Lohandiguda, Dantewada, was held in a small hall inside the collectorate, cordoned off with massive security, with an audience of 50 tribal people brought in from two Bastar villages in a convoy of government jeeps? (The public hearing was declared a success and the district collector congratulated the people of Bastar for their co-operation.)

What are we to make of the fact that just around the time the prime minister began to call the Maoists the “single largest internal security threat” (which was a signal that the government was getting ready to go after them), the share prices of many of the mining companies in the region skyrocketed?

The mining companies desperately need this “war”. They will be the beneficiaries if the impact of the violence drives out the people who have so far managed to resist the attempts that have been made to evict them. Whether this will indeed be the outcome, or whether it’ll simply swell the ranks of the Maoists remains to be seen.

Reversing this argument, Dr Ashok Mitra, former finance minister of West Bengal, in an article called “The Phantom Enemy”, argues that the “grisly serial murders” that the Maoists are committing are a classic tactic, learned from guerrilla warfare textbooks. He suggests that they have built and trained a guerrilla army that is now ready to take on the Indian state, and that the Maoist “rampage” is a deliberate attempt on their part to invite the wrath of a blundering, angry Indian state which the Maoists hope will commit acts of cruelty that will enrage the adivasis. That rage, Dr Mitra says, is what the Maoists hope can be harvested and transformed into an insurrection.

This, of course, is the charge of “adventurism” that several currents of the left have always levelled at the Maoists. It suggests that Maoist ideologues are not above inviting destruction on the very people they claim to represent in order to bring about a revolution that will bring them to power. Ashok Mitra is an old Communist who had a ringside seat during the Naxalite uprising of the 60s and 70s in West Bengal. His views cannot be summarily dismissed. But it’s worth keeping in mind that the adivasi people have a long and courageous history of resistance that predates the birth of Maoism. To look upon them as brainless puppets being manipulated by a few middle-class Maoist ideologues is to do them a disservice.

Presumably Dr Mitra is talking about the situation in Lalgarh where, up to now, there has been no talk of mineral wealth. (Lest we forget – the current uprising in Lalgarh was sparked off over the chief minister’s visit to inaugurate a Jindal Steel factory. And where there’s a steel factory, can the iron ore be very far away?) The people’s anger has to do with their desperate poverty, and the decades of suffering at the hands of the police and the Harmads, the armed militia of the Communist Party of India (Marxist) that has ruled West Bengal for more than 30 years.

Even if, for argument’s sake, we don’t ask what tens of thousands of police and paramilitary troops are doing in Lalgarh, and we accept the theory of Maoist “adventurism”, it would still be only a very small part of the picture.

The real problem is that the flagship of India’s miraculous “growth” story has run aground. It came at a huge social and environmental cost. And now, as the rivers dry up and forests disappear, as the water table recedes and as people realise what is being done to them, the chickens are coming home to roost. All over the country, there’s unrest, there are protests by people refusing to give up their land and their access to resources, refusing to believe false promises any more. Suddenly, it’s beginning to look as though the 10% growth rate and democracy are mutually incompatible.

To get the bauxite out of the flat-topped hills, to get iron ore out from under the forest floor, to get 85% of India’s people off their land and into the cities (which is what Chidambaram says he’d like to see), India has to become a police state. The government has to militarise. To justify that militarisation, it needs an enemy. The Maoists are that enemy. They are to corporate fundamentalists what the Muslims are to Hindu fundamentalists. (Is there a fraternity of fundamentalists? Is that why the RSS has expressed open admiration for Chidambaram?)

It would be a grave mistake to imagine that the paramilitary troops, the Rajnandgaon air base, the Bilaspur brigade headquarters, the unlawful activities act, the Chhattisgarh special public security act and Operation Green Hunt are all being put in place just to flush out a few thousand Maoists from the forests. In all the talk of Operation Green Hunt, whether or not Chidambaram goes ahead and “presses the button”, I detect the kernel of a coming state of emergency. (Here’s a maths question: If it takes 600,000 soldiers to hold down the tiny valley of Kashmir, how many will it take to contain the mounting rage of hundreds of millions of people?)

Instead of narco-analysing Kobad Ghandy, the recently arrested Maoist leader, it might be a better idea to talk to him.

In the meanwhile, will someone who’s going to the climate change conference in Copenhagen later this year please ask the only question worth asking: Can we leave the bauxite in the mountain?

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20 comments

  1. India will reap what they sow. Thats what they are born for ! 😀 😀


  2. Disintegration of India!!!!! wow !! its going to happen soon, Insh-Allah.

    They will have to face the consequences for what they are doing in FATA and Baluchistan. They are going to blow themselves up.

    Pakistan Zindabad


  3. Yes we want that – Go Pakistan Go – We are with you 😀


  4. Inshallah India will dissintegrate
    into 10 countries i hope inshallah


  5. Hey guys check this out :

    India’s women are thrown into a hindu ritualistic practice known as the Dev Dasi

    This is how sick these bastards are :

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Devadasi


  6. Raise this issue ppl pay attention to indian water terrorism

    معین باری ـ 2 گھنٹے 4 منٹ پہلے شائع کی گئی معین باری (فیصل آباد)
    آج کی خبر ہے کہ بھارت نے پاکستانی دریاؤں کا پانی مکمل طور پر روک لیا ہے، سندھ طاس واٹر کونسل پاکستان کے چیئرمین اور عالمی پانی اسمبلی کے چیف کوآرڈینیٹر حافظ ظہور الحسن ڈاہر نے بیان دیا ہے کہ ’’پاکستان کا اہم مسئلہ بھارتی آبی جارحیت کا ہے، بھارت پاکستان کے حصہ میں آنیوالے دریاؤں پر 62 ڈیم مکمل کرنے کے قریب ہے اور مزید 31 ڈیموں کی تعمیر شروع کر رہا ہے۔ بھارت ناردرن کینال لنک کے ایک بڑے منصوبے پر عمل پیرا ہے جس پر 230 ارب ڈالر لاگت آئیگی اس منصوبے کے ذریعے پاکستان کے دریاؤں کو بھارتی دریاؤں کیساتھ لنک کیا جا رہا ہے۔ یہ منصوبہ 2012ء تک پایہ تکمیل تک پہنچ جائے گا‘‘
    ظہور الحسن صاحب کہتے ہیں ’’2013ء تک پاکستان کی طرف بہنے والے تمام دریاؤں کا رخ بھارت اپنے کھیتوں کی طرف موڑ لے گا اور پاکستان کی طرف ایک گھونٹ پانی نہیں آ سکے گا‘‘ موصوف نے پریس بریفنگ میں کہا ’’بھارتی آبی دہشت گردی کے باعث اب دریائے چناب اور جہلم میں ایک قطرہ پانی نہیں رہا۔ ہیڈ مرالا سے جو دو ہزار کیوسک پانی آ رہا ہے یہ صرف پلکھو نالہ کا ہے دریا چناب میں پاکستان کی طرف ایک گھونٹ پانی نہیں آرہا تمام ششماہی نہریں اور اکثر سالانہ نہریں بند پڑی ہیں‘‘ جناب ظہور الحسن ڈاہر کا بیان پڑھ کر دکھ ہوا۔ پاکستانی حکمرانوں اور لیڈروں کی بے بسی اور غفلت پر افسوس ہوا جو بھارت کی پاکستان کے خلاف ننگی جارحیت کو دیکھتے ہوئے بھی خاموش ہیں۔ لب کشائی تک نہیں کرتے دریاؤں کے بند ہونے پر پارلیمنٹ میں آواز نہیں اٹھتی۔ ڈیفنس کمیٹی اور منسٹری آف ڈیفنس سے کوئی نہیں بولتا مذہبی لیڈروں نے چپ سادھ رکھی ہے۔ دوسرے بھارت کے منصوبہ سازوں پر رشک آتا ہے جو پوری ڈھٹائی کیساتھ پاکستان کو جنگ کئے بغیر Sun Tzu پالیسی پر عمل کرتے ہوئے زیر دام کر رہے ہیں۔ چینی جنرل سن زو لکھتا ہے کہ ’’عسکری برتری یہ ہے کہ جنگ کئے بغیر دشمن کی قوت مدافعت ختم کر دی جائے‘‘ یہ اسی ملک میں ہو سکتا ہے جہاں کی لیڈر شپ کمزور، بزدل اور بے بس ہو۔
    قارئین اب تک تو آپ نے راوی اور ستلج دریاؤں کو گندے نالے بنتے ہوئے دیکھا ہے اب چناب جہلم اور سندھ کو بھی گندے نالے بنتے دیکھیں گے۔ ان دریاؤں میں اب پہاڑوں سے بہتا ہوا شفاف پانی نہیں ہو گا بلکہ ملوں، فیکٹریوں اور شہری گٹروں کا بہاؤ ہو گا جس میں نہ آبی جانور پرورش پا سکیں گے نہ انسان روبصحت ہو سکیں گے۔ یاد رہے کہ دریا ستلج، بیاس اور راوی کے بند ہونے سے ان علاقوں میں آباد 5 کروڑ انسان پینے کے صاف پانی سے محروم ہو چکے ہیں اس کمی کو پانچ لاکھ ٹیوب ویلوں کے ذریعے پورا کرنے کی کوشش کی جا رہی ہے جس سے زمینی پانی سطح خطرناک حد تک نیچے چلی گئی اور کئی قسم کی بیماریاں پھیل چکی ہیں۔ دریا راوی کی مثال لیں، لاہور آبادی کا 120-96 ملین کیوسک فٹ انسانی فضلا روزانہ راوی میں گر رہا ہے پنجاب حکومت نے ابھی تک ایک واٹر ٹریٹمنٹ پلانٹ نصب نہیں کیا۔ حکومت کو اطلاع ہے کہ لاہور شہر کے نیچے والا پانی زہریلا ہو رہا ہے۔ راوی کناروں پر 200 فیکٹریوں کا کیمیکل زدہ پانی 1400 کیوسک فٹ فی سیکنڈ کے حساب سے دریا میں گر رہا ہے حکومتی محکموں کی رپورٹ ہے کہ ان جانوروں کا دودھ اور گوشت مضر صحت ہے جو دریا کا پانی پیتے ہیں۔ ڈی ڈی او انوائرمنٹ نے نوجوانوں کو مشورہ دیا ہے کہ وہ دریا راوی سے دور رہیں (پوسٹ 8 اپریل)
    اب سندھ طاس واٹر کونسل پاکستان چیئرمین جناب ظہور الحسن ڈاہر کے حالیہ بیان سے ظاہر ہے کہ بھارت نے دریا چناب اور جہلم کا پانی بھی مکمل طور پر روک لیا ہے۔ ظاہر ہے کہ آئندہ سال یہ دو پاکستانی دریا بھی راوی کی طرح گندے نالے بن جائینگے۔ دریا سندھ پر ایک سے زیادہ ڈیم بنائے جا رہے ہیں اور بڑے سرنگ کے ذریعے اس عظیم دریا کا پانی بنگلور تک لیجا کر ایک بہت بڑے ڈیم میں ذخیرہ کرنے کی سکیم تیار ہے۔ ظہور الحسن صاحب حکومت پاکستان کو مشورہ دیتے ہیں کہ ’’ملک بچانا ہے تو مسئلہ اقوام متحدہ اور عالمی عدالت انصاف میں اٹھایا جائے، بھارت نے یہودی لابی کی مدد سے پاکستان پر بڑا حملہ کر دیا ہے۔‘‘ قرآن پاک میں ذکر ہے کہ اگر ’’تمہیں اندیشہ ہو کسی قوم سے خیانت کا تو اٹھا کر پھینک دو (ان کا عہد) ان کی طرف اسی طرح جیسے انہوں نے پھینکا‘‘ (سورۃ الانفال آیت 58)
    بھارت نے پاکستانی دریاؤں پر 62 ڈیم بنا کر اور 31 ڈیموں کو مزید تعمیر کر کے سندھ طاس معاہدے کو توڑا ہے جس سے ملک کی بقاء اور سلامتی داؤ پر لگ چکی ہے اس لئے حکمرانوں کو چاہئے کہ وہ بھی اس معاہدہ کو بین الاقوامی فورم میں بھارتیوں کے منہ پر دے ماریں۔ ملکی سالمیت کے اس سنگین مسئلہ پر اپنی زبان بندی کو طوالت نہ دیں اور قوم کو عملی اقدامات کیلئے تیار کریں۔ پاکستانی قائدین کے علم میں ہو گا کہ کرہ ارض پر دریا ہیں جو ایک سے زائد ملکوں کو سیراب کرتے ہیں ہر ملک اپنے حصے کا پانی عالمی اقدار و قوانین کے مطابق حاصل کر رہا ہے۔ دریا نیل تین ملکوں سے ہو کر گزرتا ہے کیا پاکستانی حکمرانوں لیڈروں اور جرنیلوں میں اتنی اہلیت اور جرأت نہیں کہ وہ اپنے دریاؤں کے پانیوں کو ہی بچا سکیں۔ دریاؤں کا پانی مکمل طور پر بند کرنا پاک قوم کی قوت مدافعت کو ختم کرنا ہے جو بھارتی نیتا بلا خوف کر رہے ہیں اور حکومت پاکستان نے کالا باغ ڈیم کے منصوبہ کو جس پر اربوں روپے خرچ ہو چکے تھے ردی کی ٹوکری میں پھینک دیا ہے اب اللہ ہی ہے جو پاکستان کے باسیوں کو بھوک و ننگ سے محفوظ رکھے۔
    دوسرا عذاب دہشت گردی یا خانہ جنگی کی صورت میں نازل ہوا ہے یہ دہشتگردی یا خانہ جنگی سپرطاقتوں اور انکے گماشتوں نے اپنے مذموم عزائم کی تکمیل کیلئے پاکستانیوں پر مسلط کی ہے جیسے مشرقی پاکستان میں بنگلہ دیش بنانے کیلئے مکتی باہنی تیار کی گئی۔ بقول سابق وزیراعظم مرارجی ڈلیائی ’’اندرا‘‘ گاندھی کے حکم پر 60 ہزار مسلح بھارتی فوجی سول کپڑوں میں مشرقی پاکستان میں داخل کر دیئے گئے جب پاک فوج مکتی باہنی سے لڑتے ہوئے تھک گئی تو 9 ڈویژن بھارتی مسلح افواج نے فضائیہ کی فل سپورٹ کیساتھ تین اطراف سے حملہ کر دیا بالکل اسی طرح افغانستان میں امریکی حملہ کے بعد بھارت نے قونصل خانے کھولے جہاں بھارتی خفیہ ایجنسیوں نے ڈیرے جمائے ۔
    را، خاد، موساد، سی آئی اے اور بعض نیٹو ممالک نے خفیہ ایجنسیوں کے ہیڈ کوارٹر کھولے۔ وہاں دہشت گردوں کو تربیت دی جاتی اور اسلحہ دیکر پاکستان بھیجا جاتا۔ ان گوریلوں نے سوات، دیر، باجوڑ، ملاکنڈ میں مار دھاڑ شروع کی امن وامان قائم کرنے کیلئے پاک فوج کو آپریشن کرنا پڑا۔ قبائلی علاقوں میں امریکہ نے ڈرون حملے کئے جہاں سینکڑوں بے گناہ مارے گئے۔ اسکاری ایکشن لازمی تھا‘ خودکش بمبار پاکستانی شہروں میں داخل ہو گئے اور جی ایچ کیو پنڈی تک جا پہنچے۔ سوات، دیر، باجوڑ اور مالاکنڈ میں ابھی لوگ واپس جا کر پوری طرح آباد نہ ہوئے تھے کہ وزیرستان میں فوجی آپریشن شروع کر دیا گیا جہاں مقابلہ سخت ہو رہا ہے۔ بمبار اور دہشت گرد پاکستانی شہروں میں داخل ہو کر تباہی مچا رہے ہیں۔ یہ ملٹری آپریشن سوات اور مالاکنڈ سے زیادہ وقت لے گا اور بھاری نقصانات کے خطرات ہیں۔ پاک فوج کو خونخوار لڑائیاں کرنی پڑیں گی اور نتائج کیلئے دیر لگے گی ابھی تک وزیرستان میں دو لاکھ باشندے پناہ گزین بن چکے ہیں انہیں فوراً ہر قسم کی امداد کی ضرورت ہے۔‘‘ (نیوز 20 اکتوبر)
    مغربی صحافی ادیب اور دانشور ERIC MARGOLIS لکھتا ہے ’’امریکہ نے پاکستان پر فولادی پنجے جمانے کا مصمم ارادہ کر لیا ہے۔ پاکستان جو افغان وار کی وجہ سے غیر متوازن ہو چکا ہے اب ٹوٹنے کے قریب ہے۔ بمباروں اور قاتلانہ حملوں نے 17 کروڑ کی قوم کو ہلا کر رکھ دیا ہے۔یہاں تک کہ دہشتگرد جی ایچ کیو پہنچ گئے بازاروں میں دندناتے پھر رہے ہیں امریکہ افغانستان میں اپنی فوج اور خفیہ ایجنسیوں کے ذریعے پاکستان پر کنٹرول حاصل کرنا چاہتا ہے وہ پاکستانی ایٹمی تنصیبات پر پورا کنٹرول چاہتا ہے جو پاک نیشنل ڈیفنس کی روح ہے۔ امریکی پاکستان کے اندر فضائی حملوں سے پہلے حکومت پاکستان سے اجازت بھی نہیں لیتے۔ 90% پاکستانی افغانستان میں امریکی جارحیت کے خلاف ہیں‘‘ (نوائے وقت 22 اکتوبر) ایسے اوقات میں جب ملکی دریا خشک ہو چکے ہوں پاکستانی شہروں کے گلی کوچوں میں جنگ کا سماں ہو حکمران خود اعلان کریں کہ ہم حالت جنگ میں ہیں‘ مسلح افواج کی اپنے ہی قبائل یا شہریوں سے لڑائی شروع ہو جائے اور سپر طاقتیں ملک کے اندر جہاں چاہیں ڈرون حملے شروع کر دیں‘ ایسے سنگین حالات میں دشمن ممالک ضرور فائدہ اٹھاتے ہیں جیسا کہ بھارت نے کنٹرول لائن پر فوج میں اضافہ کر دیا ہے‘ بھارتی فضائیہ کے لڑاکا سکوارڈن پاک بارڈر کیساتھ لگا دیئے گئے ہیں آگرہ میں حالیہ بھارتی امریکی فوجی مشقیں ہوئی ہیں‘ جہاں جدید لڑاکا طیاروں نے حصہ لیا ہے اور بھارتی وزیراعظم منموہن سنگھ نے پاکستان میں بگڑتی ہوئی صورتحال کا بہانہ بنا کر اعلیٰ کمانڈروں کو تیار رہنے کا حکم دیا ہے۔ سٹریٹجک پارٹنرز یا اتحادیوں کی پہلی کوشش ہو گی کہ پاکستان کی ایٹمی تنصیبات پر قبضہ کیا جائے اس کیلئے امریکی اسلام آباد اور گردونواح میں ماحول تیار کر رہے ہیں۔
    ایرک مرگولیس لکھتا ہے ’’امریکہ اسلام آباد میں دنیا کا وسیع ترین سفارت خانہ تعمیر کر رہا ہے جہاں ایک ہزار امریکی آسانی سے قیام پذیر ہو سکیں تاکہ لوگر قانون کے ذریعے جو 7.5 بلین ڈالر پاکستان کو ایڈ مل رہی ہے اس پر نظر رکھیں امریکی اپنی خفیہ تنظیم (بلیک واٹر) کو بھی لے آئے ہیں تاکہ وہ امریکی عزائم کو تحفظ دے سکے۔‘‘ (نیشن 19 اکتوبر) دوسرا ہدف بلوچستان ہو سکتا ہے‘ امریکی تھنک ٹینک کئی سالوں سے آزاد بلوچستان کی رٹ لگا رہے ہیں۔ بلوچ لبریشن آرمی کا ہیڈ کوارٹر اسرائیل میں ہے پاکستان میں امریکی سفیر نے حال ہی میں مطالبہ کیا ہے کہ کوئٹہ میں پختون لیڈروں پر فضائی حملے کئے جائیں اور حکومت پاکستان نے بھی الزام لگایا ہے کہ بھارت کی خفیہ ایجنسیاں اس صوبہ میں دہشتگردی کرا رہی ہیں۔ ظاہر ہے اتحادی چاہتے ہیں کہ بلوچستان میں بھی وزیرستان جیسا ملٹری آپریشن کرا دیا جائے تاکہ پاک فوج کئی محاذوں پر الجھ کر رہ جائے۔ ایسے حالات میں بھارتی سندھ پر فوج کشی بھی کر سکتے ہیں‘ اسلئے کہ بھارتی افواج نے سندھ فتح کرنے کیلئے دوبار فوج کشی کی۔ پہلی بار اندراگاندھی کے قتل نے روکا دوسری بار ایٹم بم کے خوف نے بھارتی فوج کی دوڑیں لگا دیں۔ سندھ کے بعد بھارتی آزاد کشمیر کا رخ کر سکتے ہیں دشمن کے گھناؤنے عزائم کو ہم تب ہی خاک میں ملا سکتے ہیں اگر ملک کے اندر خانہ جنگی ختم کرا دی جائے‘ قبائل سے جنگ کی بجائے صلح وامن کی صورت نکالی جائے اور پاکستانی حکمران سپر طاقتوں کے طفیلی بننے کی بجائے ملک کے بہادر خوددار اور بے خوف محافظ بن کر دکھائیں۔ ہم دعا کرتے ہیں کہ اللہ تعالیٰ پاکستان کو سلطان صلاح الدین ، مصطفیٰ کمال یا مہاتیر محمد جیسے لیڈر عطا کر دے۔


  7. Fantastic article .. Arundhai roy is great.. We need such writers to write about Our issues .. espcially agianst the current PPP drama..

    great work .. BTW she has published many articles in other Indian newspapers please read it ..


  8. Fate Of India:
    1.Jammu and Kashmir and East Punjab will be a part of Pakistan.
    2.Maoist Corridor will become a new country.
    3.Assam will become a part of Bangladesh.
    4.Only western side will be India…

    LOLZZZZZZZZZZZ


    • Ah if only wishes were horses than beggars could ride!
      While yu dream on India breaking up, we just went ahead and brought 200 tonnes of gold!

      http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/0eaa4a80-c856-11de-a69e-00144feabdc0.html

      East Punjab!!
      The sardars /sikhs hate pakistanis like anything sice parition days.Do not go by anything the khalistani says.YU think they will love the people who killed their gurus!Sardars hate pakistanis

      Kashmir!!!

      Tourism on the rise

      http://www.reuters.com/news/video?videoId=107741

      Kashmir has been relatively quite for years now!Its far far worse in Pakistan.Worry about a pakhtunistan on yur border.
      Assam become bangladesh!
      The bangladeshis can do little but migrate illegally.
      Naxals.
      They want a more just and strong india, not secede from it!!!!

      Dream onnnn


      • We’re dreaming because we’re a nation of dreamers!.Establishing Pak by breaking India’s spine was a dream that has been accomplished yet at one time it was considered impossible.

        For a new nation to become a nuclear power was also a dream that has long been accomplished.Moreover,one could never envisage a nation ten times smaller whooping the enemies ass then liberating a large part of Kashmir but again we proved the world wrong!

        Understandbly the Sikh’s are bitter towards us for dividing Punjab and sending them hurrying across the border but it happened so they just have to deal with it!.Other then hating us there is little else they can do unless they want their ass whooped again just like the good old days!.

        Fact is that much of India is starving and separatist movements are everywhere but you’ll continue to live in denial because the truth hurts.Buying 200 tonnes of gold means jack!


      • Dreams are good!
        delusions are dangerous.
        The only part of kashmir that pakistan got was in 1947-48.All they had to do was walk in.
        At that time there was no militarised border, no LOC, No indian army on the border.Ony the small army of Raja Hari Singh.The Indian army, once it entered the fray pushed back the raiders, saved the all important valley,leh, ladakh and the important sources of water.The only blunder India did was when Nehru disregarded Patel and went to the UN.
        AFTERWARDS, be it in 1965, 1971, 1999, SIACHEN, pakistan has NOT TAKEN ANY major part of Kashmir from India.NO matter what level of Insurgency and force pakistan has managed to throw at kashmir, NOTHINGhas happened.Leave alone take, Pakistan has NOT MANAGED get India to even TALK on kashmir.

        Pakistan was the logic of events and history.What spine are yu talking of.Pakistan could NOT retain its ORIGINAL identity less than 25 later, when Bnagladesh broke away on the basis of language and culture.
        That ENDED the Pakistani notion that Pakistan was formed as an inheritor of islamic identity.
        Today almost EQUAL number of Muslims are in India AS in Pakistan.
        If that is so WHAT is Pakistan?
        A representatative of muslims in the sub-continent !
        Certainly not.It just becomes another country.
        The sardar bit was in response to yur fantasy on East Punjab!
        India is starving and the seperatist because you want to see it that way!!!!
        Facts DO NOT SUIT YOU.
        Please VISIT THE world bank site at http://www.worldbank.org/ an KNOW SOME FACTS.
        SEE WHERE pakistan stands in term of Human Developement and per-capita incoome as compared to India.
        India is a country of 1.2 billion people.It still manages to be amongst the world largest agricultural food producers.Yes there is hunger in PARTS, but so many are fed.
        Do yu forget the fact that 20 women died in pakistan when free flour was being given away.There is hunger and poverty in pakistan too.
        http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2009/sep/14/pakistan

        Orangi in karachi is asia’s LARGEST slum.

        A lot is made of the so called 100s of seperatist movement in INdia.

        WHAT YOU DO NOT TELL Or WANT to know is that APART from the Kashmiri . ALL THE OTHERS ARE MINOR /TINPOT KIND.
        The kashmiris have been handled.
        WHAT people will not tell is that In the NORT EAST the nagas have a cease fire FOR 10 YEARSnow.There is no insurgency in MIZORAM AFTER the mizo accord.The manipuris and ULFA are reduced to token bomb attacks, ambushes from time to time.Nothing more.
        The MAOISTS are not SEPERATIST BTW.
        And Pakistan is a SMALL Country so Thousands od sq Km seems big to yu.India is MORE THAN 3 MILLION SQUARE KMS.The problems which SEEM BIG TO YOU are SMALLER for us.WE can localise these problems.
        THe GOLD purchase was to tell you HOW your SO called Dangers OF SEPEARTISTS/INusrgency HAVE LITTLE IMPACT ON THE INDIAN economy.
        That is WHY PAKISTAN HAS been unable to bleed india on kashmir.
        India’s economy is much much bigger than pakistan.SO WHAT PAKistan thinks is the cost of troop burden or of terrorism.is INFACT NOT A BIG BURDEN FOR US.Pakistan in its MISTAKEN belief that it could drag down indian economy has brough RUIN only to herself!!!!


      • @ rjk

        😀 😀 😀

        Dude, are you a mad man ? …what kind of drugs do you smoke ?…lol lol lol

        The maoists are demanding a separate country

        The sikhs, the kashmiris , the dalits all are demanding seperate homelands and you come up here to sound like a dog barking away …lol lol

        Why dont you seperate all of them and then they will all be happy ? 😀 😀

        If you dont do it, they will automatically take it away from you . SIMPLE !

        Were you able to stop Pakistan from coming into existance ? ….:D – No right ! – Then what are you raving about now here ?

        You talk about slums this is a published fact that Dharvi India is the worlds largest slum – This is not me this is an INDIAN assessment ..Here Read :

        http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/6469473.stm

        Here the WORLD has done MOVIES on it : You want to watch 😀 😀 lol lol

        Here Watch :
        http://observer.guardian.co.uk/flash/page/0,,2025270,00.html

        And india is feeding a lot of people then why are you selling your wives :

        http://www.google.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5j6HoZ3aPEWisPGiY9hyGQrt2pALw

        Oh you are really feeding so many hungry people that starvation is now an epidemic in India

        http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/articleshow/973671.cms

        Read all of this and GET SOME ENGLISH CLASSES – your other gibrish does not make any sense ….D 😀 …lol lol


      • Emperor Babur Ji Janab!
        WAKE up this is 2009!
        Where is it that Maoists are demanding a seperate country!!!
        All they want is developement of backward tribal ares and replace democracy with a stalinist /maoist extreme of communism.
        Where are the Khalistanis today!!
        Maybe in Canada of Lahore(BTW the capital of Ranjit singhs Sikh Empire which he got after booting out the muslims rulers), but certainly NOT IN INDIA.The sikhs put paid to the khalistani aims in the 1980s itself.
        Never heard of any terror movement in punjab since the late 1980s.
        Dalits!!!!want to seperate.
        If you go by the Internet every body wants to seperate.
        The Sindhis, the Balochis, the northern areas and Pashtuns too!!!

        HERE IT IS ORANGI the biggets slum!!!
        BY THE UN a PROFESSIONAL BODY.

        http://pkonweb.com/2009/09/07/orangi-largest-slu/

        In your delusions do you realise yu have posted news items related to the tsunami in 2004 in the andamans and called it an epidemic of starvation.

        LEARN TO READ!!!
        the article talks of the threat of starvation and epeidemic after a natural disaster!!!

        Dp you guys do nothing but manufacture myths and lies!!!!


  9. i am not happy, becauze i want to destroy GANDOOSTAN, and these maoist s don my job =(!
    anyway i can help them =)


  10. Obviously my comments were a bit to close to the bone for RJK that his PC went in caps lock!!.What was lost can always be reclaimed…i’m talking about East Pakistan so the philosophy remains until West Pak is intact!

    The fact that you’re even comparing a nation ten times smaller to India tells us how threatened you feel!.If India is just a freedom loving democracy then why don’t you liberate the Kashmiris,Dalits,Sikhs etc…etc….


  11. RJK,

    So the Sikh sardars hate Pakistan eh but love India for 1984’s infamous Opertion Bluestar!.You raped their women in thousands and insulted their holiest shrines!.You killed their men and kids then urinated on Granth sahib before kidnapping many who are still in prisons.

    Those who inflicted damage on Sikh’s centuries back are all dead but your criminals remain unpunished yet you choose to ignore all this instead preferring to tell us fibs!.Many Sikh’s hate India with venom and will never forget what was inflicted on them…as a result they rightfully killed that whore Indira Gandhi!.Why don’t you youtube.com or google KHALISTAN to see what they think of you eh?


    • The Sikh riots of 1984 were a aberration.IT was a specific set of circumstances that followed the death of Indira Gandhi.It is indeed regreattable that quite a few of the culprits of 1984 were never caught or punished.The problem was unlike today. 1984 was not the televison or the cell-phone age when eveerything today is recorded and preserved.The reason why Gujarat rioters are being punished is due to extensive video and cell phone records.
      Another thing that is different is Sikhs, aprt from the period in the 80s, have always been a WEL integrated community.Never BEFORE or AFTER had or has there been any such incidents against the sikhs. They are quite prosperous and do not face any discrimination.They are well represented politically, in the armed forces and in the economy.Hence Sikh seperatism never really could take root for long in India.
      Of course, invidual hatred of the 1984 riot victms will contine till justice is done.

      Some Sikhs abroad, especially in Canada still like to espouse the sikh cause.
      But the sikhs in majority and almost 100% in India have nothing to do with it.Sikh have more many more gallantary awards than other communities and they have been many chiefs/top staffs of ALL armed forces.
      You google Balwaristan or baluchistan or yutube it.Surprisng results will follow.
      The Pak army has crushed baluchis NOT once but several times in the past too.Don’t lecture US while you are bombing the hell out of your own people!!


      • You who initiated a hostile response by pointing out what the Mughal’s did to the Sikh’s but don’t have the heart to listen to a reply!!.The Sikh’s also inflicted much damage on Muslim’s during independence but we’ve learnt to live with it as such things happen in history!

        Despite this no Sikh shrine including the Nankhana sahib in Lahore has ever been attacked unlike in India where you killed thousands and insulted the Golden Temple not matter how much to try to politically correct it!.I know about Balochistan as well as Khalistan so don’t need to google anything but the vast mahority of Balochis are pro-Pak!.

        We’re trying to avoid killing innocents in Balochistan but such things can’t always be avoided.You worry about the many separatist movements in your nation without poking your nose into our affairs.I don’t care about Khalistan thus neither support or oppose it but no that they’ll never forgive the humiliation you inflicted upon them.


      • My response was on the point that there are still elements in pak who believe that Khalistan is a viable cause which can be used against against India.The history and ethos of the Sikh’s does not make that a long term possibilty.
        The operation in Bluestar was a error/disaster, mainly in its execution and planning.No body today defends it.It was a product of time when indis did not have expertise of the NSG, media was govt controlled and thgere was censorship.
        BUT it can be pointed out thatin 1988, in the same golden temple op Black Thunder was executed.This time the operation was by the NSG and in a different way.The media was involved,given free access and it was a day and night seige.NOT one commando stepped inside the temple.The operation was carried out from the perimeter, from towers and extensive use of snipers. Nothing was allowed to escape.Snipers even shot down dogs roaming in the complex as a psy-op.Anyone trying to even show his head, was taken out.Ultimately the terrorists surrendered.The temple was unharmed, the open media showed the true nature of the terrorist inside.It was quite clear that it was the terrorists who defiled th etemple not the forces.THERE WAS NO backlash from the sikhs this time.
        So sikhs do understand.But, yes, it can be conceded that they still have a lot to be angry about the way things were handled.
        Just like every baluchis may not be against pakistan,in India too, not everyone supports the insurgencies going on.


  12. Rajk,

    Personally i don’t give a damn about this mythical Khalistan but certainly many Pakistanis see it as a means to cause India harm afterall your enemy’s enemy is a friend!.Equally many Sikh’s who believe in this Khalistan nonsense need the support of Pakistan…

    Save me the tedious explanation of the exact happenings instead explain it too all who suffered such forms of injustice.



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