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Pakistan’s Natural Riches: A Report

August 14, 2009

PKKH Editorial Team Exclusive Report
By Noreen Shaikh | Edited by Hammad Q and Tanya Abbas

There are many among the youth of our country who underestimate the beauty of Pakistan; they fail to see the treasures hidden under the cultural landscape and look at it condescendingly, comparing it to other countries with superficial “luxuries” to offer. Among the many things that are unwary of, they do not know that this wondrous land which is the sixth most populous country in the world, boasts the second largest Muslim (and Shi’ite Muslim) population, only after Indonesia. It has been listed as one of the next eleven economies identified by Goldman Sachs investment bank and is believed to have a high potential of becoming the world’s largest economies in the 21st century, Insha’ALLAH.

This land of the pure has natural resources in such abundance that it can sustain itself for many years ahead. Scientific investigation and exploration, into the resources, have only really been under way for a few years; the equipments used are obsolete and outdated, while the analysis is incomplete. Regardless of all the constraints, it is believed that all of while has been identified so far is a mere tip of the iceberg.

Keeping that into consideration, the Pakistani Government should be wary and cautious of the west’s initiatives, which include physical or technical penetration into the country; with special attention to wherever the US is concerned. One cannot help but wonder, is the ‘war on terror’ for real? Have any of the previous U.S. claims been credible enough for any country to defy the popular opinion, and compromise its integrity and national sovereignty? Is it possible that the so called ‘war on terror’ is a curtain hiding the real true agenda for their excuse to invade a country and rob and plunder those countries natural resources? It is now a commonly acknowledged fact that the presence of weapons of mass destruction (WMD’s) and the ‘restoration of democracy’ was a fabrication of their imagination; the real motive could have been strategic occupation, control of resources, political domination and/or a military exercise. Could the theory regarding control of its oil be true after all? Contrary to what is believed, The Soviet did not intend to conquer Afghanistan; it was induced to do so when CIA intervened with the mujahedeen plight and avenge the aftermath of the Vietnam War. This however does not mean that Afghanistan was not a temptation, since natural resources were stored in tiny huts for several years after being exploited by the Soviet; this is evident from the soil cores which were drilled deep in various parts of the country and were ‘discovered’ when the US Air force deliberately bombed these storage facilities. Understandably, the US Army (assisted by the CIA) had initially collected the information which they needed to conduct their research on the wealth of Afghanistan and in order to determine the costs and the benefits of their involvement. In 2007 -2008, a team of scientists and technicians was sent to Afghanistan by the World Bank (WB) to evaluate and analyze the status of the country and identify the resources which could be “beneficial for the reconstruction of the country, plagued by war”. The World Bank’s assessment reported that Afghanistan had enough resources to be self sufficient and sustain its economy by becoming a major exporter of the finest copper, natural gas, and many other resources. Which brings us back to Pakistan; it is believed that the extent of analysis of the natural resources is limited due to restraints of funds, equipment, trained personnel and mainly corruption.

Pakistan is a producer of crude oil, natural dry and liquid gases, coal, and hydroelectric energy, as well as its substantial amounts of natural resource in minerals. Below is a more detailed list of information of these natural resources.

Crude Oil

The oldest and largest Exploration and Production Company is the Pakistan Petroleum Ltd, (PPL) incorporated in June 1950. First oil discovery was in 1952 Baluchistan near a giant Sui gas field and search intensified in 1980’s for oil and natural gases. Oil & Gas are two of the major components of Pakistan’s Energy mix contributing more than 80% to the 60.4 million of energy requirement in Pakistan. A number of new fields are in Potwar Plateau – Punjab and in Sind. But as demand for oil out numbers the amounts produced Pakistan imports crude oil.

Natural Gas

The largest natural gas deposit is at Sui (on the border between Baluchistan and Punjab) initially discovered in 1953. A smaller field was discovered in 1957 in Sind – Mari. Natural gas production is at a relatively high level. PPL contributes 25% of Pakistan’s gas production. The Company’s holds operators on major oil and gas fields including Sui, Kandhkot, Adhi and Mazarani, while its non-operated portfolio includes interests in the Qadirpur, Miano, Sawan and Tal fields. The Company’s exploration portfolio includes operated and non-operated joint ventures in 10 onshore blocks and 2 offshore blocks. As it can be seen the production of Gas and Oil is on the increase, and resources will eventually run out hence the reason to search for new energy sources such as

PPL Production

FY 2003

FY 2004

FY 2005

Oil/NGL (barrels per day)

1,353

1,697

1,759

Natural Gas (million cubic feet per day)

910

942

948

Coal

Coal mining is one of the country’s oldest industries. Geological investigation has shown that Pakistan has 185 billion tones of coal mainly in Sindh- Lakhra, Sonda-Thatta, Jherruck, Thar, and others. There are smaller deposits in the Punjab – Eastern Salt Range, Central Salt Range and Makerwal. Smallest deposits are present in Baluchistan. Lakhra Coal Development Company Limited (LCDC) is the major company involved in the production of coal. Usually quality of coal is of grade2 or 3. Again like crude oil the consumption is much higher than the production.

Although energy production has grown faster than the economy as a whole, it is not kept pace with demand, and as a result there are shortages of fuel and electric power. The bulk of power requirements are provided by thermal plants (crude oil, coal and natural gas), with most of the remainder provided by hydroelectric installations.

Hydroelectric Energy

Hydroelectricity is electricity generated by hydropower, i.e., the production of power through use of the gravitational force of falling or flowing water. It is on of the most widely used form of renewable energy. Once a hydroelectric complex is constructed, the project produces no direct waste, and has a considerably lower output level of the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide (CO2) than fossil fuel (crude oil, Coal, and natural gases) powered energy plants.  The Pakistani Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA) are responsible for the generation, transmission and distribution of power.

The first ever constructed dam was Mangla Dam in the Mirpur District in 1961, this project was undertaken to strengthen the irrigation system but was damaged due to an Indian Air Force raid during the Indo-Pakistan War in 1971. The hydro project was later on developed. The power station consists of 10 turbine units each with the capacity of producing 100 Mega Watts.

After the success of the Mangla Dam demand for more electricity increased exponentially and projects for further such hydroelectricity power stations commenced. Such as the Tarbela Dam located northwest of Islamabad, the largest earth filled dam in the world was completed in 1974 specifically for hydroelectric power. Due to low sedimentation than expected it is now predicted to have a useful life span up to 2060. Downstream from this dam a smaller dam Ghazi Barotha Dam is a power generation project.

There are 2 other dam projects in the pipeline Diamer-Bhasha dam in the northern areas of Pakistan and Kalabagh Dam, but due to political wrangling amongst various sectors of Pakistan Kalabagh dam is postponed.

Overall Pakistan has the capacity to produce enough hydroelectric energy to supply all of Pakistan and even supply neighboring countries and cut short the use of thermal plants. Such events will surly lead Pakistan as a leader in south Asia in Greener energy supplies.

Nuclear Plants

There are two nuclear power plants, the Karachi Nuclear Power plant (completed in 1972) and Chashmar-1 plant (2000) at Kundian – Punjab. How much electricity actually is consumed by Pakistan is not very clear but Western documentation suggests power generated and contributed by the nuclear plants is very small. It’s also ideal to remember that Pakistan has had a long history of exporting small amounts of Uranium to the west, during which there were no issues raised then. Issues and eyebrows were raised only when Pakistan started recently using some of its own Uranium in it own nuclear power plants and weapons programs. Uranium deposits are found in Tumman Leghari mine in South Punjab, Baghalchur mine, Dera Ghazi Khan Mine and Issa Khel / Kubul Kel mines in, Mianwali District.

Mineral

The Mineral investigation is far from complete, indicating Pakistan has a rich resource of many different minerals enough to sustain itself and export on the international market. A list of these minerals with small amounts of details

Mineral

Location & Description

Use

Iron Ore Kalabagh – Chichali – Punjab and Dilband- Kalat Baluchistan have hematitic Ore where 30-45% is Iron (Fe) there is estimated to be 200 Million tonnes present. Making of steel, construction,
Gypsum Deposits found in NWFP, Punjab, Sindh & Baluchistan where over a billion tonnes of reserves of gypsum an hydrate is present where by 30%-40% is CaO. There is a wide variety of application for this. One of the main ingredient for cement industry,
Marble (Soft Decorative Salt) Marble and similar stones such as Onyx are found in abundance and with such varieties of colours, shades and fabrics in inexhaustible quantities. Pakistan is known for its onyx exporter. Deposits are found in NWFP, Northern areas of Azad Jammu Kashmir, Federally Administered Tribal areas, Baluchistan and some areas of Punjab. Used in architecture, making of roads, cement, as reservoirs of petroleum and glass making
Hand Decorative Stones eg Granite Hugh amounts of Granites and basalt are found with a variety of colours ranging from black, olive, green, grey, salt & pepper and white granites found in Swat (NWFP, Baluchistan, Sindh, and the Himalayas Jewellery and decorative items
Gem Stones Found mainly in northern parts of country. Out of the 25 precious and semi precious stones and minerals 7 are intermittently exploited and marketed all over the world.

Emeralds: Swat, Rubies: of Azad Jumma Kashmir and Gilgit and Hunza Ishkoman, Pink Topaz: from Katlang – Mardan, Aquamarine and Tourmalin: of Giligt & Chitral, Pedidot: in Kohistan & Pargasite of Hunzia. Excellent crystal clarity, range o size/weight meeting any International standards

Jewellery and decorative items
Copper 400 Million tonnes of copper is present in Chagr also present in Darband Choh Ziarat, Pir Sultan, Kabul Koh & Missi For electrical engineering and transmission, wires and equipments; alloys of copper can be used for various purposes in MEP (Mechanical Electrical and Plumbing)
Lead – Zinc Found in Bela Khuzdar Lead is resistant to radioactivity, thus insulates the reserves, for batteries, PVC and high voltage power cables. Zinc is used in paints, batteries; it has uses in X Ray and Television screens
Chromites Deposits of 30,000 tonnes found in Chagai – Raskoh, 0.6 Million tonnes in Chilas complex Important refractory material, has high stability in intense heat
Fluorite Maran & Pad Marun & Dilband District of Qalal-Bal estimating 0.1 Million tonnes. used to lower the melting point of raw materials in production of steel to aid the removal of impurities; can be made into hydrofluoric acid, used for oil refining and can also be used for making of various types of lenses.
Barite and dolomite Uthal & Khuzdar in Baluchistin Used in construction, dolomite is also an important petroleum reservoir material and can be used for horticulture purposes.
Magnetite 2 deposits one in Dargani-Sakhakot in Mardan & Sherwan where 11.27 million tonnes is found. Is a valuable source of iron ore.
Agglomerate Blocks formed by Volcanic materials, with various other minerals Can be used instead of iron for melting and oxidizing of steel; it has lower costs and takes up lesser time. One of its minerals Olivine, is used for making Aluminium.
Granite Found in large amounts in Thar, near Chagai and Reko Diq Used for construction and engineering purposes
Soapstone Lasbela and Khuzdar districts Miscellaneous decorative uses

As you can from the above table, there is no dearth of resources in Pakistan; all this country needs is a faith from its people, including those who always underestimate its wonders.

The Alternative Energy Development Board is researching for further alternative energy sources such as solar, wind and bio-diesel energy sources, considering the before stable energy sources shall one run out.

As mentioned before, there are various limitations due to which the natural resources exploration is probably only 20 – 40 % of actual deposit estimates. Pakistan has the capability to be self sufficient, provided corruption and political wrangling does not interfere with development. There are many reasons why Pakistan has not been able to rise to its potential, but many more why it would eventually succeed against all odds.

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25 comments

  1. MASHALLAH…
    PAKSARZAMEN SHAD BAD


  2. YANI K ALLAH NE HAR PROVINCE MEIN HUMARE LIYE KUCH NA KUCH GIFTS ZAROOR RAKHI HA

    SHUKRAN ALLAH WALA HUM DULILLAH
    PAK SAR ZAMEEN SHAAD BAAD


  3. JAB TAK KOE MUSLIM LEADER PAKISTAN MAY NAHE AYE GA YA KHAZANAY PAKISTANI NATION SAY DORR RHAEN GY,YA KAFFIR LEADER AWAM TAK KUCH NAHE ANAY DEAN GY,AB PAKISTAN MAY INQLAB KI ZAROORT HEY,KISI ELECTION KI ZARORRT NAHE HEY,YA LEADER PAKISTAN K LIYA CANCER BAN CHKAY HEAN IN KI AB SURGORY KI ZAROORT HEY,BUS AB SIRF AK SURGON KA WAIT HEY JISS DIN AGAY US DIN IN KO ROAD PER NIKAL KER IN KA OPERATION HO GA,INSHALLAH.


  4. Excellent Report!!!! We have the capability to be economic and military superpower and also Inshallah a hyperpower.


  5. Wonderful Research Document!


  6. […] Ek Ishq Ek Junoon (Aazadi Special) The Revolution Within Us – Talha Mujaddidi | PKKH Pakistan’s Natural Riches – Noreen Shaikh | PKKH The Way Ahead For Pakistan – Romesa Khalid PKKH Goes To The […]


  7. […] Pakistan’s Natural Riches: A Report […]


  8. wHY SANDEK Gold Reserves are not discussed in article.
    Thanks to GOD and Pity & shame on the Rulers.

    Wake Up before u get last sleep.

    Pakistan Zindabad


    • Sorry for not mentioning about the Gold. Gold is not really considered as a energy source but yes I agree Pakistan does also produce high grade Gold. Thanks for mentioning it Zubair


  9. Much appreciate if you could also include the GOLD RESERVES of Pakistan in Balochistan.


    • v well said


  10. Al Salam Aly Kum Waa Rahmat ALLAH

    SHOUKAR ALLAH DU LYL ALLAH, Bohat zabardas mahnat kee app nay dill bag bag kay deya hay ALLAH Pak nay is pakzarzame koo apni hare naymat say nawaza hayy jahan ALLAH nay madaneyat say malamal keya hay wahan PAKmoula nay ham ko khanay ke paydawarr may bhe mala mal keya hayyy.
    Magar pakistan ke badhalee kay zemaydar may khoud or tamam pakistani hay hamary AMALLL ke manhoseyat ham naahal or B/C type kay leader daytay hayn pher hum un ko gali day kay dosray ko latay hayn. IMPORTENT TO BAT YA HAY KAY MAY KHOUD OR HUMSAB APPNAY AMAML KO RITE WAY MAY DALdayn Pher ALLAH PAK ka is pak zamen pay RAHMAT NAYMAT BARAKAT NAZEL hongee. Wish u all the best my brother(this web side)you are doing your best ALLAH give HEDAYAT to all our nation do the best on rite path As per ALLAH want AMIN


  11. Yeah live long Pakistan =D=D=D


  12. Thanks for sharing the information with other young people of Pakistan who have a duty now to protect and look after these assets and God given ‘Naimatayn’.Now the destiny is going to be in your hands. You ,the young generation of Pakistan.
    YOU MUST KNOW THAT IN THE NEXT ELECTIONS MAHORITY OF THE VOTERS WILL BE UNDER THE AGE OF 25. IT WILL BE IN YOUR HANDS WHOM YOU SELECT. FOR GOD’s SAKE DO NOT VOTE ALREADY TESTED POLITICIANS AND LEADERS.IF YOU WANT TO HAVE SELF RESPECT THAN DO NOT VOTE THEIR SONS AND DAUGHTERS EVEN IF THEY ARE YOUR RELATIVES. IF YOU WANT A BETTER COUNTRY STAY INDEPENDENT AND GROW LIKE THE OTHER PARTS PARTS OF WORLD ARE.YOU MUST CHOOSE YOUR LEADERS WHO ARE SINCERE,INCURRUPTABLE,VOLUNTEER,COFIDENT,WISE,
    LOGICAL,PRACTICAL,TRUSTWORTHY, INTELLEIGENT AND HAVE QUALITIES WHICH A TUE MUSLIM SHOULD HAVE.YOU MUST VOTE CONFIDENTIALLY AND BRING REVOLUTION IN PAKISTAN’S POLITICS.YOU SHOULD START CONVESSING NOW THROUGH DIFFERENT WEBSITES. DO NOT VOTE HYPOCRITES.
    BE GOOD MUSLIMS AND DO NOT BE TERRORISTS. TERRORISTS ARE NOT EVEN HUMANS LET ALONE MUSLIMS. THEY ARE ALL BARBARIANS.YOU MUST FOLLOW THE PEACEFUL PATH OF OUR BELOVED PROPHET MOHAMMAD (peace be upon him) THE PATH OF FORGIVENESS, KINDNESS, RESPECT AND LOVE FOR ALL LIVING THINGS AND HUMAN BEINGS.
    MY CHILDREN! GO AND SPREAD YOUR VOICE to select new faces. VOTE DISCRETELY FOR THE RIGHT PERSON IN THEIR CONSTITUENCY a young and new politician who is incorruptable and TELL YOUR COMRADES THAT IF THEY WANT SELF RESPECT AND DO NOT WANT TO BE MISTREATED BY PARLIMENTARIANS THEY SHOULD THROW THEM OUT BY VOTES.AFTER THREE YEARS YOUR TIME IS COMING.ITS GOING TO BE RIPE. YOU WILL NEVER GET THIS CHANCE AGAIN. I HAVE SEEN A GRADUATE WAITER BEING SLAPPED BY A MINISTER IN A ISLAMABAD CLUB.I HAVE SEEN ANOTHER EDUCATED BOY BEING INSULTED AND SHOUTED AT BY A POLITICIAN. YOU HAVE ALSO SEEN ON TV, INSULTING OF POLICE, JUDGES AND GOVERNMENT SERVANTS BEING INSULTED AND BEATEN BY THESE CORRUPT POLITICIANS. YOU ARE ALL EFFECTED BY IT AND IN FUTURE YOUR CHILDREN WILL BE. NOW IS THE TIME TO CHANGE ALL OF IT.NOW BRING THOSE POLICY MAKERS WHO KNOW HOW TO DO SOMETHING AND NOT THOSE WHO ONLY DREAM TO DO SOMETHING AND WRITE PLANS ON PAPERS ONLY.THERE IS NO NEED FOR BIG JALSAS AND TOR PHOR. WITHOUT FIGHT YOU CAN CHANGE THE SCENE OF POLITICS. START LOOKING AROUND IN YOUR CONSTITUENCIES THE PEOPLE WHO REALLY HAVE LOVE FOR HARTDWORK ANF ARE VOLUNTEERS AND HAVE BEEN RUNNING SUCCESSFUL PROJECTS IN YOUR AREAS.SELECT CLEVER PEOPLE WHO ARE SUCCESSFUL MANAGERS and SELECT PEOPLE ON THEIR MERIT< GOOD PLANNING AND THEY SHOULD BE CLEAN.
    MAKE GROUPS ON INTERNET AND SPREAD YOUR WORD ACCROSS.IF YOU WANT A BETTER PAKISTAN AND WANT TO LEAD A RESPECTABLE LIFE IN PAKISTAN. GO FOR IT AND STYART PLANNING FOR THE NEXT ELECTION. FIND YOUR LEADERS.DO YOU WANT TO BE RULED BY THE SONS OF OUR PAST PRESIDENTS STAND UP NOW START TELLING PEOPLE IN THE VILLAGES ALSO TO VOTE YOUNG AND NEW FACES AND CONFIDENTIALLY AS THE VOTES ARE CONFIDENTIAL> EVEN IF THEY ARE GOING IN THEIR TRANSPORTS THEY SHOPULD VOTE THERE WITH THEIR OWN CHOICE WITHOUT TELLING THE WADERA.

    BEST OF LUCK
    ABC TEACHER
    SURRYIA MAHOOD


  13. Pur Kithoon….?

    The problem of Pakistani People is still at the very basic level which is Roti, Kapra & Makan… until now, the world moved ahead and we are still coming out of cave era…

    I feel bad for the people of Pakistan. May Allah bless them, Illahi-Aamen


  14. I hope the people of our nation make wise choices from now, please do not recycle old politicians or those close to them agreed with surryia


  15. ALLAH-O-AKBAR ALLAH-O-AKBAR ALLAH-O-AKBAR
    we will never retreat, we will never surrender Allah is with us


  16. This is wonderful. Just what we need to do is: explore them which probably help to make, hopefully, miserable life of a common Pakistani comfortable. I would rather request all true and patriotic Pakistani to come forward and raise their voice for their rights and for other common Pakistani. At the same time we need to get rid of some of our stupid, ediot and incompetent rulers who are either too sharp or too dum.
    May God bless our home land Pakistan. Long live Pakistan.


    • Totally agree with you out with the old and in with the new. Also lets hope the old tried again and again rulers never come into power because it is these rulers who sell our country short and only really worried about their own pockets.


  17. this is the reality about our lovely pakistan,and has abundant resources.out of 185 billion tons,184 billion tons of coal is in thar that only meets our energy demands for mare than 800 years.so we should rise,we are the future of pakistan.


    • ……and at least millions of SUICIDE BOMBERS(available easily at your nearest Masjid/general Store ) and millions of terrorists jihadis…


    • Oh btw because of billions of coal and same stuff you are in the eyes of US energy mafia headed by US Prez.

      US is slowly capturing pakistan …


  18. we r pakistani muslims
    and muslims unity is important


  19. WONDERFUL sign by Allah,this is His Land indeed! SubhanAllah! Tootne k Qareeb bhi nai hai! InshaAllah!


  20. A great bit of research. I knew Pakistan was full of resources but I didn’t know the extent.

    All that needs to be done now is to elect a government that doesn’t line it’s own pockets….easier said than done. In my opinion, all current political parties or the most openely known to be corrupt should be completely expelled and new parties shoudl cone to the horizon. We need people that are educated and care about the country, not those that are in it to bleed Pakistan dry.

    Its time to rise Insh’Allah and show the world that Pakistan is NOT a terrorist nation and can be self-sufficient.

    Great article. we need more information like this.



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